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SQL with Oracle 10g XE - Using ALTER TABLE to Modify Table Columns
 
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In this video I use the ALTER TABLE command to modify an existing field column. The command will allow you to change the data types, whether the field can be null, or even the primary key. When using the ALTER TABLE command you would use the keyword MODIFY to make changes to an existing column. Be careful when changing a data type of the null field as existing data may cause an error if not in compliance with the new change. The code I used to alter the Books table is : ALTER TABLE BOOKS MODIFY ISBN_10 VARCHAR(13); This video is part of a series of videos with the purpose of learning the SQL language. For more information visit Lecture Snippets at http://lecturesnippets.com.
Views: 16624 Lecture Snippets
55. ALTER TABLE to Modify existing column in PL/SQL Oracle
 
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In this video you will learn about ALTER TABLE to Modify existing column in PL/SQL Oracle. For Support =========== Email: [email protected] Contact Form: http://www.learninhindi.com/home/contact Our Social Media ================ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LearnInHindi Twitter: https://twitter.com/LearnInHindi For Training & Videos ===================== For more videos and articles visit: http://www.learninhindi.com Free Java Programming In Hindi Course ===================================== https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLOZ3jentlCDAwwhMyoLISrxkXTADGp7PH Free Oracle PL/SQL Programming In Hindi Course ============================================== https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLB5DA82419C2D99B6 Free C Programming In Hindi Course ================================== https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLOZ3jentlCDAxKpBLMWogxSdy6BZcsAJq Trips & Tricks Channel ====================== https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCGmLfkuCo-3lHHJXRJ9HUMw Programming in Hindi Channel ============================ https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCudElIDgwNrybeAvXIy1HZQ
Views: 5072 ITORIAN
Oracle SQL Tutorial 13 - How to Add Column Constraints (Attributes)
 
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So far, we have this table declaration: CREATE TABLE users( user_id NUMBER, username VARCHAR(50 CHAR) first_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR), last_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) ) We can run this command see that it works. As we are learning though, we are going to want to be able to recreate our table with different settings and such, but if you try to run this command, it will complain that the table already exists. So we first need to delete this table before we start editing settings. When we get more experienced, we will learn about ways to edit the structure of a table that already exists. To fix this, we can get rid of the table using the DROP TABLE command: DROP TABLE users You can run this every time if you need to practice by adding a semicolon after it. This is how you can tell Oracle that you are putting in another command after it. This is known as a delimiter. When you run the script, it is going to run both commands. Now we can go through and reconsider our table structure. This is fine for starting out because we don't have any important data in our database, but once your database is in production you are not going to want to just drop tables. In the last video we discussed different constraints that you can apply to columns in a database table, but how do you actually apply these when you are creating a table? The first way you define constraints is to put them right after the column in your CREATE TABLE statement. CREATE TABLE users( username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL ) When we define constraints this way, we usually say we are adding column attributes. If you have two constraints you want to add, you just put one after the other with spaces in between. There is no particular order that is required. CREATE TABLE users( username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL UNIQUE ) In this situation we have already given the column the NOT NULL and UNIQUE attributes, so we should consider making this a primary key: CREATE TABLE users( username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) PRIMARY KEY ) As you can see, adding column attributes is super easy. We can add a default like this: CREATE TABLE users( username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) PRIMARY KEY, account_balance NUMBER DEFAULT 0 ) Note that now we need the comma after the first row. There are a few constraints we did not talk go through an example, specifically foreign keys and check constraints. We will be adding these constraints to our database in future videos. In the mean time, I have a thought for you… Many people prefer to name their column constraints. That way, we can refer to certain constraints by name. For example, we might have a primary key constraint that could be named users_pk. The way we are creating these constraints does not allow for this feature, so in the next video we are going to be discussing different ways to create constraints. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me on Patreon! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 26563 Caleb Curry
Oracle SQL Tutorial 19 - ON DELETE (SET NULL and CASCADE)
 
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Welcome everyone! Something you need to consider when you are creating foreign keys is what happens if you delete the parent? As a reminder, the parent is the row that has the value you are referencing in the row that has a foreign key. Why is this something important to consider? It's important because foreign keys need to protect us from two primary things, unacceptable INSERT statements, and unacceptable DELETE statements. Let's see what happens when we try to insert incorrect data into the table with the foreign key: INSERT INTO projects VALUES (1, 'Update website homepage', 'CalebCurry') The response tells us plainly that there is no such user in the users table. So this works correctly. Deleting data on the other hand works a bit differently because the database does not know what you want to do with the child row when you delete the parent from the parent table. By default, we will get an error message that prevents the parent from being deleted, but there are some other options. How do we configure this? This is where the ON DELETE statement comes in. We add the keywords ON DELETE right after the foreign key and then we can give it the option of CASCADE or SET NULL. CASCADE means that if we delete the parent, we are also going to delete the child. In our situation what that means is that if somebody creates a project in our project table and then that persons account gets deleted, all of the projects he owns will also be deleted. CASCADE: CREATE TABLE projects( project_id NUMBER, Project_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) UNIQUE, creator VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL, CONSTRAINT projects_pk PRIMARY KEY (project_id), CONSTRAINT projects_users_fk FOREIGN KEY (creator) REFERENCES users (username) ON DELETE CASCADE ) SET NULL will take the value in the child table and get rid of it. What you are left with is NULL. This means that we have an orphaned child. The first thought you might have is that it is a bad thing to have an orphaned child, but in databases that is not always so. In our application if we had it set to SET NULL, when a user account gets deleted the projects would remain in existence they would just lack a creator. This might be a good thing if you are concerned about the long term survival of a project, this might be the route you want to go. It ultimately depends on the application purpose. If you don't like CASCADE or SET NULL, you can leave the entire ON DELETE statement and just have Oracle throw an error when a parent is deleted. As for us, we are going to use ON DELETE CASCADE. We need to use this with extreme caution. If you are not careful, someday you will run a delete a row and that will cascade through you database deleting a bunch of stuff you didn't want to delete. Stuff happens, so make sure you back up your database every once in eternity. Now, in the last video we started with a database design that had three tables. We've only created two in this video. In the next video we are going to create the next one, which is a little special. Then we'll finish things up by adding some indexes. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me on Patreon! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 20769 Caleb Curry
APEX27 of 30: Organize IG report: change column order, group & count rows. Issue with  NULL & COUNT.
 
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APEX 18.1 video 27 of 30: Do some housekeeping: Assign new pages to page groups. See some more features in the interactive grid and interactive report pages for organizing and summarizing data. Reorder columns. Use the “control break” and “count” features. See an issue using COUNT when a field might have null values (no data).
Views: 608 Jennifer Kreie
Oracle Unused Column
 
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Oracle unused column https://easy-learning-tech.blogspot.com/2018/05/unused-column-in-oracle.html
Views: 201 Siva Academy
auto increment in sql oracle - ( Auto increment field )
 
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auto increment in sql oracle ----------------------------------------------- CREATE table customers ( customer_id int not null, customer_name varchar(50), primary key (customer_id) ); create sequence customer_id minvalue 1 start with 1 cache 10; insert into customers values(customer_id.nextval,'maxwel'); -- to drop sequence drop sequence customer_id
Views: 11903 Data Disc
A case study on using Composite Unique Indexes in Oracle on nullable columns
 
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We use unique indexes in Oracle to maintain distinct values in columns. Let us explore a case where we have Unique Indexes on(combination of) two or more columns in a table in Oracle, where one column has mostly null values.
Views: 10 Peeush Trikha
SQL Tutorial - 21: The UPDATE Query
 
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In this tutorial we'll check out the UPDATE Query which is used to update/change records in a table.
Views: 103168 The Bad Tutorials
Oracle Tutorial - Add and Drop a Column using Alter Table Statement
 
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Oracle Tutorials for beginners: Add and Drop a Column using Alter Statement
Views: 106 Tech Acad
Oracle Database SQL Tutorials 29 :: How to Alter Statement  using SQL ,Add Constraint,column
 
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www.facebook.com/oracle.shohag Email : [email protected] Website : www.oraclebangla.com Topics : How to Alter Statement Object Structure using SQL ,Add Constraint,column add Oracle Database SQL Tutorials | how to Alter a table structure using SQL | Oracle Bangla 2017 How to alter a Table Structure using SQL | Alter statement | SQL tutorials | Oracle Bangla 2017 | HD Oracle SQL Tutorials. how to alter a table using sql
Views: 1312 Oracle Bangla
Adding Not Null to an Existing Column
 
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In this episode, I'm going to add a not null constraint to an existing Postgres column. To learn more and for full transcript visit us at https://www.pgcasts.com This episode is sponsored by Hashrocket, a consultancy specializing in PostgreSQL. Visit us at https://hashrocket.com
Views: 2151 PG Casts
Alias Names  In Oracle | Oracle Tutorials for Beginners
 
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Alias Names In Oracle | Oracle Tutorials for Beginners Column Level Alias Names in Oracle Table Level Alias names in Oracle Oracle Tutorials for Beginners Oracle pl/sql Tutorials for Beginners Oracle Tutorials for Beginners Oracle Tutorials for Beginners Oracle Tutorials for Beginners Oracle Tutorials for Beginners PlayList Oracle Tutorials for Beginners Playlist Oracle Tutorials for Beginners oracle alias column name with space oracle sql column alias in where clause oracle sql alias subquery oracle join alias oracle database alias alias sql sql alias join oracle as keyword sql query column name with space how to find space in a column in oracle select column name with space in teradata sql column name with space in where clause oracle sql alias subquery teradata column alias with space oracle column names with special characters oracle sql column alias with spaces sql alias join sql alias without as sql alias in where clause changing column names in sql query results how to join two tables with alias sql server alias aliases are very handy when table names are long sql as
Views: 1144 Oracle PL/SQL World
SQLPLUS: LineSize & PageSize
 
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In this tutorial, you'll learn how to set linesize and pagesize . PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 21348 radhikaravikumar
drop primary key,not null,unique,default and check constraints from columns in a table
 
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This video explains how to drop primary key,not null,unique,default and check constraints with or without constraint name in a table link to HOW to add constraint while creating table: https:// https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dh_UKs-LnK8 link to how to add new columns with constraints : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UNAatxnnwB8 link to how to add constraints to existing column https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=02_fXRQpwSc how to drop all constraints on the table: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CM7FPqIr6gc subscribe - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCNl7...
Views: 2531 kwl zerotwonine
Oracle Tutorial - is NULL and is NOT NULL
 
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Oracle Tutorials - is NULL and is NOT NULL
Views: 319 Tech Acad
SQL Null or Empty   How to Check for Null or Empty Column in SQL Server   SQL Training Online
 
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http://www.sqltrainingonline.com SQL Null or Empty - How to Check for Null or Empty Column in SQL Server - SQL Training Online You can download the sample table script at http://www.sqltrainingonline.com/how-to-filter-for-sql-null-or-empty-string/. In this video, I show you how to filter for a SQL null or empty string. It can be difficult to filter a null because you can't simply compare with an equal sign. You have to use a special IS NULL clause to make the filter work. I also show you how to combine both the SQL Null and Empty String together in a special trick with the isnull SQL Server function. I use SQL Server 2012 to demonstrate the technique. Let me know what you think by commenting or sharing on twitter, facebook, google+, etc. If you enjoy the video, please give it a like, comment, or subscribe to my channel. You can visit me at any of the following: SQL Training Online: http://www.sqltrainingonline.com Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/sql_by_joey Google+: https://plus.google.com/#100925239624117719658/posts LinkedIn: http://www.linkedin.com/in/joeyblue Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/sqltrainingonline
Views: 21104 Joey Blue
The SQL Alter Table Statement
 
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This video explains how to use the ALTER TABLE statement of the Structured Query Language (SQL). It is the second in a series about a subset of SQL known as the Data Definition Language (DDL), which can be used to create and modify the table structures within a relational database. It includes examples of how to use ALTER TABLE to add, drop and alter columns in a table. It also explains how to add a new primary key constraint to an existing column in a table, and how to add a foreign key constrain to an existing column. Some variations between MySQL, SQL Server and Microsoft Access are mentioned.
Views: 153 Computer Science
SQL tutorials 17: SQL Primary Key constraint,  Drop primary Key
 
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Blog link: http://www.rebellionrider.com/sql-primary-key.htm SQL tutorial on Primary key / SQL Primary key, In this tutorial you will learn about simple primary key, composute primary key, how to drop primary key. defining primary key using create table and alter table along with many other things. Tool used in this tutorial is SQL Developer. This tutorial series is part of SQL expert exam certification training. if you are preparing for SQL certification you can use my tutorials. This SQL Tutorial is a part of free training. Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=j7eYO7 Contacts E-Mail [email protected] Twitter https://twitter.com/rebellionrider Instagram http://instagram.com/rebellionrider Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj Linkedin. http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ Thanks for linking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com So Primary Key There are two types of Primary keys First is Simple primary Key: Primary key which Involves only one column and Second is Composite Primary Key: Primary Key which involves more than one column. We will start with Simple primary key. You can create Primary key either with Create Table statement of by using Alter table Statement. Let's define simple primary key using create table statements. With create table statement we can either define primary key at column level or at table level. We will start with defining Primary key at column level using create table statement. You just have to put keyword Primary key after data type and size of column while defining a column of a table. Here oracle server will create a primary key on product id with default constraint name which will be slightly difficult to understand. You can give your own name to your constraint which is also a good practice.
Views: 106217 Manish Sharma
How TO DELETE ROW, MODIFY, UPDATE COLUMN, DROP TABLE in Oracle SQL Using Cmd [Hindi/Urdu].
 
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Hi Friends !!!!! In this Video we show the How to delete table, row, update etc. Oracle Databse- a) Open The Sqlplus. b) Connect The Workspace. c) Show Your Tables. Query : Select * from tab; d) Select the table where you want to delete row. Query : Delete From [Table Name] Where id=?; e) Show Your Tables. Query : Select * from tab; 1 row delete sucessfully. f) If You Modify Your Table to follow this Query : Alter table [Table Name] modify [Column Name] varchar2(10); Your table column is modified. g) If You Update row data follow this Query Update [Table Name] set [Column Name]='row data of column' where id=?; If you delete the table follow the Query : Drop Table [Table Name]; Your table is deleted sucessfully. Related video Links : How to Install Java Netbeans IDE in Windows 7, 8.1, 10 [Hindi/Urdu]: https://youtu.be/jOYMNognZXM How To Install Java On Window 10, 8.1, 7 64 bit Operating System [Hindi/Urdu] : https://youtu.be/y2-g09nY33A How to install Windows 7, 8.1,10 from a flash drive or Pandrive . [Hindi/Urdu] : https://youtu.be/s4kNcirxWrc How to Make Bootable Your Pandrive [Hindi/Urdu] : https://youtu.be/BPx_Ua_aCfY How to install Oracle 11G XE On Windows 10, 8.1, 7 Operating System in [Hindi/Urdu] : https://youtu.be/-2k4QCIpIOs How to Create Table Oracle Datbase Using Sqlplus [Hindi/Urdu] : https://youtu.be/EHnAebRP6Yw How To Insert Table Oracle Database Using Sqlplus [Hindi/Urdu]: https://youtu.be/Fu0tlCml8F8 How TO DELETE ROW, MODIFY, UPDATE COLUMN, DROP TABLE in Oracle SQL Using Cmd [Hindi/Urdu]: https://youtu.be/prz9Pr0PFEg How to recover format or delete Pandrive, Sdcard, Memory Card Or Harddisk Data [Hindi/Urdu] : https://youtu.be/0GGDHVTxDh0 How to install Oracle SQl Developer And How to Connect Your Database Sql Developer[Hindi/Urdu] : https://youtu.be/608nx3mT10c How to use SQL Distinct Keyword in Cmd Or Oracle SQL Developer [Hindi/Urdu] : https://youtu.be/ofLLZ9-EG_E How to use SQL AND Or OR operator [Hindi/Urdu] : https://youtu.be/zzqDp7U3rC8 How To Use SQL Where Operation using CMD [Hindi/Urdu] : https://youtu.be/EHmL0Wa14UY How To Use SQL ASC and DESC Operation using cmd [Hindi/Urdu] : https://youtu.be/UI0hat_RMX0 For Any Query Email Add : [email protected] Facebook Page link : https://www.facebook.com/Technical-Education-4-You-144220269545756/?ref=nf&hc_ref=ART3p2EX_iIdZHm96Uz36P99q7xfycGfo54RJafY-f0O4n1bdvWU_5xGHpPrOpLepi4
Oracle SQL Tutorial 15 - How to Add Primary Key Constraints
 
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The goal of this video is to take the CREATE TABLE statement we have and walk through the different ways to create primary keys. This and foreign keys are the most common constraints, so we need to make sure that you have this one down. Once we have a more complex database design with multiple tables, we will learn the proper way to create foreign keys. For now, I am going to keep all of our constraints at the column level, unnamed. The only exception is the primary key, because that is what we are focusing on in this video. The first way to create the primary key is at the column level, unnamed. The primary key is very important because it what we use to distinguish rows from one another. Every table you create is going to need a primary key, and I suggest putting a lot of effort into making sure your keys are set up correctly and organized. --Delete the table if needed: DROP TABLE users; CREATE TABLE users( user_id NUMBER PRIMARY KEY, username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL UNIQUE ) The next way is at the column level, but named: --Delete the table: DROP TABLE users; CREATE TABLE users( user_id NUMBER CONSTRAINT users_pk PRIMARY KEY, username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR)NOT NULL UNIQUE ) The general naming convention here is the table name followed by an underscore, followed by pk for primary key. Finally, the third way, which is at the table level, is the way we are going to create our primary key: --Delete the table: DROP TABLE users; CREATE TABLE users( user_id NUMBER, username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL UNIQUE, CONSTRAINT users_pk PRIMARY KEY (user_id) ) Now, once you've created these constraints, you can use Oracle SQL Developer to find these constraints. Open your databases in the connections tab and find the table in the Tables folder. Double click your table and travel to the Constraints tab. You can tell here that the UNIQUE constraint still exists in this table, but it has a pretty disgusting name. It kind of wants to make me puke. Referencing that constraint in the future with that wacky name would be a burden. Engrave these three options in your head so that you can use any of them whenever you need and can read other peoples' code. Thank you for sticking with the series thus far. In the next video, we will be…doing something. See you then! :) ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me on Patreon! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 18922 Caleb Curry
Oracle SQL Tutorial 12 - Intro to Constraints
 
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As I believe I've mentioned in an earlier video, a constraint is basically a rule we can put in our database that prevents someone from putting the wrong data in. It protects our relationships and data integrity. Because the goal of these constraints are to protect our data integrity, you may hear them called integrity constraints. There are many integrity constraints we are going to talk about: NOT NULL UNIQUE PRIMARY KEY FOREIGN KRY CHECK There is also the DEFAULT attribute. These are all keywords we can add to our columns that will change the way the database works with our data and also prevents incorrect data. NOT NULL is a constraint you can put on a column that prevents nulls. A null is the absence of a value. When we say null, we are saying that every single row has to have a value for this column. UNIQUE is a constraint that makes every row have a unique value for this column. Now note, this does not require values to be put it, and it will allow multiple rows to be null. Next, we are going to talk about primary keys. What qualifies a column as a candidate key? First, not a single row should have a null for that column. Second, every row must be unique. The primary key constraint is essentially a combination of the NOT NULL constraint and the UNIQUE constraint. The foreign key constraint sets the requirement that any value in this column for any row must match a row in another column. Check constraints allow us to be more strict with what data is allowed in our database. NOT NULL and UNIQUE give some level of restriction, but what if we want something more specific? For example, what if we only want values between 0 and 100? That is where check constraints come in. When using check constraints, you give a boolean expression. A boolean expression is something that can be evaluated to true or false. It will only insert the row if the value you try to put into the row makes the expression evaluate to true. So if you put in a value too great or small, the expression will be false and the data is not allowed to be entered. The default constraint is a value you can give a column, and if for any reason when the row is created in the table a value is not provided, the default value will be given. So for example, we could have a bank account table where the balance defaults to 0. How do you actually implement these constraints when you are creating a table? In the next video we are going to be adding these to our users table. Please be sure to subscribe! ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me on Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 26672 Caleb Curry
ORACLE SQL 38: Add, Rename, Modify column
 
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Views: 741 studyandsharevn
SQL Server 17 - ON DELETE and ON UPDATE
 
08:14
Now, what happens when you have successfully created a reference, and now you try deleting the parent? This is where the ON DELETE clause comes in. This is essentially how we configure how strict a foreign key is. There are 4 options you can give for an ON DELETE: Standard SQL Server NO ACTION Yes (Default) CASCADE Yes SET NULL Yes SET DEFAULT Yes Now the default is NO ACTION. This means that when you try to delete a parent row, SQL Server is going to throw an error and not let you. Cascade means that if you delete the parent row, any rows that reference that parent will also be deleted. This is pretty dangerous and not often recommended. SET NULL will set the foreign key to be NULL. Now obviously, this is going to require that the foreign key is not labelled NOT NULL. Finally, set DEFAULT will change the reference to the child row to some default value. We have not discussed defaults, but a column can have a default value. For example, we could make a deleted user in our Users table, and set the default for the foreign key to be the deleted user, and when any other users are deleted it will default to the deleted user UserId. In addition to the ON DELETE clause, there is the ON UPDATE clause. This one is a little less common because it configures what happens when a parent value changes. Obviously, when you are referencing a primary key, the ON UPDATE clause is nearly useless. That's because the primary key value is never supposed to change. If, on the other hand, we have a foreign key referencing a UNIQUE column that is not a primary key, it may change occasionally. So the only times you have to worry about the ON UPDATE clause is with foreign keys referencing UNIQUE columns that are not a primary key, and when you have natural keys that break the rules and actually do change at some point in time. The ON UPDATE clause has the same options as the ON DELETE clause and they all work the same way. Now, the last thing you need to know about foreign keys is that they must match the data type of the column you are referencing. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 7356 Caleb Curry
NOT NULL AND CHECK CONSTRAINT IN ORACLE SQL WITH EXAMPLE
 
11:08
This video tutorial contains information about constraints in an RDBMS system, along with the inline and out of line constraint declaration type available in Oracle SQL. The video also demonstrates examples with check and not null constraint in Oracle SQL.
Views: 1011 Kishan Mashru
SQL tutorial 74: SQL COALESCE Function In oracle Database Manish Sharma
 
04:44
Third tutorial in SQL Null Series. Coalesce Null function with example in oracle Database. ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ Blog : http://bit.ly/sql-coalesce Previous Tutorial ► NVL https://youtu.be/aRoTR5Jn6K0 ► NVL2 https://youtu.be/SCwc0HcS1-U ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Let's Get Free Uber Cab◄◄◄ Use Referral Code UberRebellionRider and get $20 free for your first ride. ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Help Me In Getting A Job◄◄◄ ►Help Me In Getting A Good Job By Connecting With Me on My LinkedIn and Endorsing My Skills. All My Contact Info is Down Below. You Can Also Refer Me To Your Company Thanks -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the 1st one to see my videos! -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ http://rebellionrider.tumblr.com/ http://www.pinterest.com/rebellionrider/ You can also Email me at for E-mail address please check About section Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 29219 Manish Sharma
Solved!-Change Column Order in a Table - SQL Server.- Save Changes Not permitted
 
01:11
how to change column order in sql developer change column order mysql change column order sql query change column order oracle how to change column order in sql server 2012 alter table move column oracle sql reverse column order alter column position in sql table prevent saving changes that require the table re-creation saving changes is not permitted sql 2017 saving change is not permitted the changes you have made requires the following the following tables will be saved to your database prevent saving changes option sql can t save table sql server 2008 error were encountered during the save process sql server post save notification sql server
Views: 1976 Maruti AIR Tech
Oracle SQL Tutorial 18 - How to Create Foreign Keys
 
07:09
In this video we are going to be creating foreign keys. I highly recommend watching the previous video before you watch this one. Essentially, we are creating a very simple database for a system where we can create projects and add people to those projects. We started with the users table: --Delete the table if needed: --DROP TABLE users; CREATE TABLE users( user_id NUMBER, username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) UNIQUE, CONSTRAINT users_pk PRIMARY KEY (user_id) ); Now we are going to create a table for projects with a column that is a foreign key to the username. We're going to want to make this match data types: CREATE TABLE projects( project_id NUMBER, project_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) UNIQUE, creator VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) ) Next, we need to add the column attributes we decided on last video: CREATE TABLE projects( project_id NUMBER, project_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) UNIQUE, creator VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL ) NOT NULL because we want every project to have a creator, but we are not labeling UNIQUE because that means we could only have a specific username once in the table. We want to allow a user to create multiple projects. We also need to add a primary key: CREATE TABLE projects( project_id NUMBER, project_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) UNIQUE, creator VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL, CONSTRAINT projects_pk PRIMARY KEY (username) ) Now, the question that remains is, how can I tell Oracle that I want the username to reference the username column of the other table? We have to make a foreign key constraint. As you've learned from the previous videos, there are about three ways to create constraints. You can do it inline at the column level, unnamed. You can do it at the column level, named, and you can do it at the Table level, named. Usually the table-level is preferred, but I will quickly remind you how to do all three again. CREATE TABLE projects( project_id NUMBER, project_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) UNIQUE, creator VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL REFERENCES users (username), CONSTRAINT projects_pk PRIMARY KEY (project_id) ) This works, but if we want to name it, we should do this: CREATE TABLE projects( project_id NUMBER, project_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) UNIQUE, creator VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL CONSTRAINT projects_users_fk REFERENCES users (username), CONSTRAINT projects_pk PRIMARY KEY (project_id) ) This works, but the preferred method is to do it at the table level: CREATE TABLE projects( project_id NUMBER, project_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) UNIQUE, creator VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL, CONSTRAINT projects_pk PRIMARY KEY (project_id), CONSTRAINT projects_users_fk FOREIGN KEY (creator) REFERENCES users (username) ) Great! So you've learned how to create a foreign key, now we can see it inside of Oracle SQL Developer. One important thing when it comes to foreign keys is what happens when have data in your database and you try to delete the parent row that a row in the child table references? In the next video we are going to configure that using ON DELETE. See you all then and if you enjoy this series, please do me a huge favor by liking the video and subscribing to my YouTube channel. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ HELP ME! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 28745 Caleb Curry
65. MODIFY COLUMN Data Type and Its Size with or Without Constraint in SQL (Hindi)
 
03:49
Please Subscribe Channel Like, Share and Comment Visit : www.geekyshows.com
Views: 10771 Geeky Shows
APEX10 of 30: Change the layout of page items on a form.  Start new row? YES or NO
 
07:45
APEX 18.1 video 10 of 30: This video show how to create two columns in a form by using Page Designer to edit the “start new row” property for page items in a form.
Views: 903 Jennifer Kreie
Column Alias in Oracle
 
08:03
Column Alias in Oracle(How to rename the column header in SQL)
SQL with Oracle 10g XE - Using INSERT to Add Data to a Table
 
06:20
In this video I use the INSERT command to add an entire record into a table. When using the command you must also use the keyword VALUES. If you want to enter a null value (one that has no value) for a field you can use the keyword NULL. Be sure to put single quotes around data types that are not numbers. Values need to be entered in the order the fields appear in the table. The commands I used are: INSERT INTO BOOKS VALUES (1,'140231862','9780140231861','The Winter King: A Novel of Arthur','Fiction','14.99','P',1996,1,2) INSERT INTO BOOKS VALUES ('2','140232478','9780140232479','Enemy of God: A Novel of Arthor','Fiction',14.99,'P','1997',1,2); INSERT INTO BOOKS VALUES ('3','140232877','9780140232875','Excalibur: A Novel of Arthor','Fiction',14.99,'P','1998',1,2); INSERT INTO BOOKS VALUES ('4','6513840','9780006513841','Harlequin: Grail Quest','Fiction',19.99,'P','2001',1,1); INSERT INTO BOOKS VALUES ('5','6513859','9780006513858','Vagabond: Grail Quest','Fiction',19.99,'P','2003',1,1); INSERT INTO BOOKS VALUES ('6','7149891','9780007149896','Heretic: Grail Quest','Fiction',19.99,'P','2004',1,1); INSERT INTO BOOKS VALUES ('7','553103547','9780553103540','A Game of Thrones','Fiction',13.99,'H','1996',2,4); INSERT INTO BOOKS VALUES ('8','553801473','9780553801477','A Dance with Dragons','Fiction',13.99,'H','2010',2,5); INSERT INTO BOOKS VALUES ('9','055357342X','9780553573428','A Storm of Swords','Fiction',4.99,'P','2003',2,4); INSERT INTO BOOKS VALUES ('10','1596590424','9781596590427','50 Success Classics','Audio',17.99,NULL,NULL,3,3) INSERT INTO AUTHOR VALUES (1,'Cornwell','Bernard'); INSERT INTO AUTHOR VALUES (2,'Martin','George'); INSERT INTO AUTHOR VALUES (3,'Butler','Tom'); INSERT INTO PUBLISHER VALUES (1,'HarperCollins Publishers Canada, Limited'); INSERT INTO PUBLISHER VALUES (2,'Penguin Books Canada, Limited'); INSERT INTO PUBLISHER VALUES (3,'Gildan Media Corp'); INSERT INTO PUBLISHER VALUES (4,'Bantam Dell Pub Group'); INSERT INTO PUBLISHER VALUES (5,'Spectra'); This video is part of a series of videos with the purpose of learning the SQL language. For more information visit Lecture Snippets at http://lecturesnippets.com.
Views: 42570 Lecture Snippets
Oracle SQL Tutorial 14 - Column-Level and Table-Level Constraints
 
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In the previous video we talked about adding constraints at the column-level. We made it nice and simple by only requiring a few keywords, but the problem we were having is that we could not assign a name to the constraint, which many people like to do so we can reference easily if we need to at a later time. To do this, it requires a little bit more typing, but it will give us extra flexibility and many consider it to be the higher quality approach to adding constraints. Let's go though a simple example. Let's say we have a users table with a user_id column that we want to make a primary key. We will create the table like this: CREATE TABLE( user_ id NUMBER PRIMARY KEY ) Instead of adding the PRIMARY KEY keywords after the data type, we add: CONSTRAINT user_pk PRIMARY KEY Now, we have assigned the name user_pk to this constraint. You can do the same with other constraints, such as UNIQUE. The syntax would be CONSTRAINT username_un UNIQUE. The other way to create constraints requires to put all of our constraints at the bottom of our table creation rather than inline with the column. This type of constraint is known as a table-level constraints. To make a column a primary key using table-level constraints, we add it to the CREATE TABLE command as if it is another row and use the CONSTRAINT keyword to tell Oracle that what is coming is a constraint, not a column in our table. CREATE TABLE users( user_id NUMBER, username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR), CONSTRAINT username_un UNIQUE (username), CONSTRAINT users_pk PRIMARY KEY (user_id) ) The primary differences here is that you have to put the column you are talking about in parenthesis after the PRIMARY KEY keyword. That's because it's at the end of the table and you need a way to tell it what column you are talking about. The option of putting it at the end of the table has the added benefit in this situation because if we needed to have a primary key that is the combination of multiple columns, we can do that by just adding the other column in the PRIMARY KEY parenthesis right after a comma. In summary, there are three ways to make constraints. The first is at the column level, unnamed. The second is at the column level, named. The third is at the table level, also named. In the next video we are going to create a named constraint in Oracle SQL Developer, so stay tuned and be sure to subscribe! ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 19153 Caleb Curry
SQL tutorials 18: SQL Foreign Key Constraint By Manish Sharma
 
10:23
SQL Tutorial 18: SQL foreign key constraint. Topic covered in this tutorial 1. Defining SQL foreign key using create table at column level 2. Defining SQL foreign key using create table at table level 1. Defining SQL foreign key using Alter Table statement Links Website article: http://www.rebellionrider.com/sql-foreign-key.htm Primary key tutorial: http://www.rebellionrider.com/sql-foreign-key.htm Create Table Tutorial: http://www.rebellionrider.com/sql-create-table.html Tool used in this tutorial is SQL Developer. This tutorial series is part of SQL expert exam certification training. if you are preparing for SQL certification you can use my tutorials. This SQL Tutorial is a part of free training. Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=j7eYO7 Contacts E-Mail [email protected] Twitter https://twitter.com/rebellionrider Instagram http://instagram.com/rebellionrider Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj Linkedin. http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ Thanks for linking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com Foreign key is an Input/output data constraint which is also known as referential integrity constraint. Foreign key represent a link or say a relationship between columns of tables. Similar to primary key constraint Foreign Key constraint is also of two types. Simple Foreign key constraint and Composite Foreign key constraint. Constraint which involves only one column in foreign key in child table and one column in reference key in parent table is called Simple Foreign Key. While the constraint which involves more than one column in foreign key in child table and more than one column in reference key in the parent table is called Composite Foreign Key.
Views: 107581 Manish Sharma
UNIQUE KEY CONSTRAINT IN ORACLE SQL WITH EXAMPLE
 
14:37
This is a free video tutorial by Kishan mashru on unique constraint in Oracle SQL, the video firstly explains what unique constraint is and how it can be used along with its various limitations, then the video gives perfect examples to understand how to create a unique key at the column level or inline, or at the table level i.e out of line. The video gives a demonstration on ALTER TABLE ADD CONSTRAINT and ALTER TABLE DROP CONSTRAINT statements also.
Views: 1266 Kishan Mashru
Learn How to Update Data Rows using Update Statement in SQL
 
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Learn about using UPDATE statement in SQL. As the name suggests UPDATE statement is used to update the data rows in a table. The UPDATE statement can update one or multiple column values in single SQL statement. WHERE clause is used to specify the data row to be updated. UPDATE statement without WHERE clause will update all the data rows in the table. Any existing data rows or records in target table remain unaffected. Here are the examples UPDATE statements, UPDATE tablename SET column1 = newvalue; UPDATE tablename SET column1 = newvalue1, column2 = newvalue2 WHERE columnid = 3; Select the "school" database, "USE school;" Run a simple SQL statement to display all the data rows in students table using SQL statement, "SELECT * FROM students;" Here in this result set, take a look at studentid 1. Suppose we have accidentally added this student record under class first instead of second. And now we are going to update this row to change the class value from 'First' to 'Second'. We will use the SQL statement, "UPDATE students SET class = 'Second' WHERE studentid = 1;" Press enter to execute the statement and display all the data rows in 'students' table, "SELECT * FROM students;" And sure enough the class value for studentid 1 is changed from 'First' to 'Second'. Check out the whole playlist of SQL Tutorials or Individual video from the following links, SQL Tutorial for Beginners. Introduction to SQL Basics https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhwzZMYRiUErXXX0Ryud2R7RjesCEdTqi 1.Learn What is SQL? Introduction to SQL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ox6zUOKascs 2.Learn How to Install MySQL Database Server on Windows Operating System https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vtnoWaydkEU 3.Learn What is Database? How to Create and Show Databases using SQL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-yJgWq6K_U8 4.Learn How to Select and Use Existing Database using SQL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QMViQ38SPxc 5.Learn How to Delete or Remove Database using SQL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wjEOZKvfH4c 6.Learn What is Database Table? How to Create a Database Table using SQL? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8SvtNIfzC4o 7.Learn How to Modify or Update Database Table using SQL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1he5oZzG33o 8.Learn How to Delete or Remove Database Table using SQL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JD87WvBist0 9.Learn How to Add Data Rows in a Table using SQL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UB-bQxAQbWg 10.Learn How to Use INSERT INTO SELECT Statement in SQL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U4ApxHF4R1g 11.Learn How to Update Data Rows using Update Statement in SQL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lE1BmNbFJdo 12.Learn How to Delete Data Rows using Delete Statement in SQL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1ViqX1tFgYM Subscribe to my channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCvrq9OowoORTV5Gs_jpADhw
SQL TUTORIALS : How to rename the column
 
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how to define Column alias in SQL plus.
Views: 3478 learnoracle9i
How to transpose column to row in sql
 
12:43
Hi friends today we will learn how to transpose column data into row of table. #transposecolumntorow Oracle database Unbeatable,Unbreakable Platform..
Views: 18982 Oracle World
Oracle SQL Loader - How to load data from file(.csv, .dat, .txt) into table - Tutorial - 3
 
16:44
This video is the third tutorial on Oracle SQL*Loader tutorial series created by Kishan Mashru. Oracle SQL Loader utility is used to load data from flat files like .csv files, .dat files, .txt files into Oracle database tables. In this video tutorial, we demonstrated how to load data from excel to oracle using sql loader We showed the SQL Loader control file example and loaded data from the .csv file into the database table. Check out the first video: https://youtu.be/fSV51bljrwY Check out the second video: https://youtu.be/ogidUWHHRL8 Check out the advantages of using TRUNCATE over a DELETE from the following video: Delete VS Truncate : https://youtu.be/u76wMm2byXo #KishanMashru #Oracle #SqlLoader #SqlLoaderExample #LoadCSV #LoadExcel #SQLandPLSQL #OracleSqlLoader #ETL #database
Views: 8713 Kishan Mashru
Learn How to Modify or Update Database Table using SQL
 
06:11
Learn how to modify or update the database table details using SQL statement. The ALTER TABLE statement is used to rename, add or drop table columns in the existing database table. To rename the table we use, "ALTER TABLE oldtablename RENAME newtablename;" To add a new column in the existing table we can use, "ALTER TABLE tablename ADD columnname datatype" To modify the column data type in the existing table we can use, "ALTER TABLE tablename MODIFY COLUMN columnname datatype" And to drop a column from the existing table we use, "ALTER TABLE tablename DROP COLUMN columnname" Select 'school' database, "USE school;" and display all the tables in 'school' database using SQL statement, "SHOW TABLES;" Rename previously created table 'students3' to 'students4', The SQL statement will be, "ALTER TABLE students3 RENAME students4;" Lets add one more column to store students last name. The SQL statement will be, "ALTER TABLE students4 ADD lastname VARCHAR(10);" Modify the column data type by using ALTER TABLE statement like, "ALTER TABLE students4 MODIFY COLUMN lastname VARCHAR(20);" Drop the column, by using ALTER TABLE statement like, "ALTER TABLE students4 DROP COLUMN lastname;" Check out the whole playlist of SQL Tutorials or Individual video from the following links, SQL Tutorial for Beginners. Introduction to SQL Basics https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhwzZMYRiUErXXX0Ryud2R7RjesCEdTqi 1.Learn What is SQL? Introduction to SQL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ox6zUOKascs 2.Learn How to Install MySQL Database Server on Windows Operating System https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vtnoWaydkEU 3.Learn What is Database? How to Create and Show Databases using SQL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-yJgWq6K_U8 4.Learn How to Select and Use Existing Database using SQL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QMViQ38SPxc 5.Learn How to Delete or Remove Database using SQL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wjEOZKvfH4c 6.Learn What is Database Table? How to Create a Database Table using SQL? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8SvtNIfzC4o 7.Learn How to Modify or Update Database Table using SQL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1he5oZzG33o 8.Learn How to Delete or Remove Database Table using SQL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JD87WvBist0 9.Learn How to Add Data Rows in a Table using SQL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UB-bQxAQbWg 10.Learn How to Use INSERT INTO SELECT Statement in SQL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U4ApxHF4R1g 11.Learn How to Update Data Rows using Update Statement in SQL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lE1BmNbFJdo 12.Learn How to Delete Data Rows using Delete Statement in SQL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1ViqX1tFgYM Subscribe to my channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCvrq9OowoORTV5Gs_jpADhw
Tutorial: Set Database Column to Not Null using a Ruby on Rails Migration
 
02:50
Step by step guide on how to retrospectively change a database column to not null using a ruby on rails database migration
Views: 607 Les Jackson
Materialized Views in Oracle  (Part - 2 Practical Implementation with Examples)
 
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This video explains the syntax of creating a materialized view in oracle database, and also a brief demo of creating materialized view, refreshing the MV and dropping the MV is shown in this free video tutorial.
Views: 10671 Kishan Mashru
SQL: Delete Vs Truncate Vs Drop
 
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In this tutorial, you'll learn the difference between delete/drop and truncate. PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 76525 radhikaravikumar
Lead , Lag ,  First Value , Last Value ,  Keep First , Keep Last | Oracle SQL Tutorial | Mr.Murali
 
43:44
Lead , Lag , First Value , Last Value , Keep First , Keep Last in Oracle SQL | Oracle SQL Tutorial | Mr.Murali ►For Registration : https://goo.gl/r6kJbB ►Call: +91-8179191999 ► Visit Our Website: http://nareshit.in/ http://nareshit.com/ ► About NareshIT: "Naresh IT is the Best Software Training Institute for Hadoop, Salesforce, AWS, DevOps, Sprak, Data Science, Python, Tableau, RPA ,Java, C#.NET, ASP.NET, Oracle, Testing Tools, Silver light, Linq, SQL Server, Selenium, Android, iPhone, C Language, C++, PHP and Digital Marketing in Hyderabad, Chennai and Vijayawada, India which provides online and classroom training classes" ►For Registration : https://goo.gl/r6kJbB ►Call: India- 8179191999, USA- 404-232-9879 Email: [email protected] ►Our Online Training Features: 1.Training with Real-Time Experts 2.Industry Specific Scenario’s 3.Flexible Timings 4.Soft Copy of Material 5.Share Video's of each and every session. Check The Below Links: ►For Course Reg : https://goo.gl/r6kJbB ► Subscribe to Our Channel: https://goo.gl/q9ozyG ► Circle us on G+: https://plus.google.com/NareshIT ► Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/NareshIT ► Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/nareshitech ► Visit Our Website: http://nareshit.in/ http://nareshit.com/
Views: 17059 Naresh i Technologies
Oracle Database 12c: Improved Defaults
 
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Tom Kyte and Chuck Murray describe several improvements to default behavior in Oracle Database 12c: defaults based on sequences, default on NULL, Identity type columns, and metadata-only defaults. For more information: "CREATE TABLE" statement in Oracle® Database SQL Language Reference http://www.oracle.com/pls/topic/lookup?ctx=db121&id=SQLRF01402 "ALTER TABLE" statement in Oracle® Database SQL Language Reference http://www.oracle.com/pls/topic/lookup?ctx=db121&id=SQLRF01001 "Identity Columns" in Oracle® Database Migration Guide http://www.oracle.com/pls/topic/lookup?ctx=db121&id=DRDAA109
Views: 2311 OracleDBVision
PRIMARY KEY CONSTRAINT IN ORACLE SQL WITH EXAMPLE
 
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This is a free video tutorial by Kishan mashru on primary key constraint in oracle SQL, the video firstly explains what primary key constraint is and how it can be used along with its various limitations, then the video gives perfect examples to understand how to create a primary key at the column level i.e inline declaration, or at the table level i.e out of line declaration. The video gives the demonstration on ALTER TABLE ADD CONSTRAINT and ALTER TABLE DROP CONSTRAINT statements also.
Views: 859 Kishan Mashru
Oracle SQL PLSQL 12C Tutorial 15 - ALTER Statement
 
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This Video Tutorial Will Describe how to change the structure of an existing table. This command will also work on other versions of database like Oracle 11g Database, Oracle 10g Database, Oracle 9i Database, Oracle 8i Database, Oracle 8 Database and so on. This command is used to add, modify or delete the columns from the table. You can add, modify or delete a single column or multiple columns at a time. Full Syntax will be given in this video tutorial about how to use the ALTER table command. Along with the live example to add, modify or delete the columns from the table. All the keywords, format, mandatory clauses etc are described in this video.
Oracle Tutorial || Oracle| Sql Constraints Part - 1 by basha
 
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Oracle SQL Lesson 6 - DML, DDL, TCL Commands in Jinghpaw Language
 
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Lesson focusing on Oracle's DML, DDL, TCL SQL statements to add, modify and manipulate data. Please watch in HD mode for better video quality. -- I. Language Reviews --DML Data Manipulation Language (select, insert, update, delete) --DDL-- Data Definition Language (create, alter, drop, truncate) --DTL - Data Trajsaction Language (commit, rollback, savepoint) --DCL - Data Control Language (grant, revoke) --II. HR Schema (a collection of similar tables) --III. Constraints (Primary Key, Foreign Key, Unique Key, Check, Null) CREATE TABLE DEPT_TEST ( Department_ID INT Primary key Not Null, Department_Name VARCHAR2(20), Location_ID INT); CREATE TABLE EMP_TEST ( Last_Name VARCHAR2(20) primary key not null, Gender CHAR(1), Constraint check_gender_type CHECK (Gender in ('M','F')), Department_ID INT references DEPT_TEST(Department_ID)); --Add comments to table columns --drop table EMP_TEST; --drop table EMP_TEST; --truncate table EMP_TEST; INSERT INTO DEPT_TEST VALUES(31, 'Sales',1200); INSERT INTO DEPT_TEST VALUES(33, 'Engineering',1250); INSERT INTO DEPT_TEST VALUES(34, 'Clerical',1600); INSERT INTO DEPT_TEST VALUES(35, 'Marketing',2000); INSERT INTO EMP_TEST VALUES('Dingra','F', 31); INSERT INTO EMP_TEST VALUES('Gawlu', 'M', 33); INSERT INTO EMP_TEST VALUES('Lahpai', 'M',33); INSERT INTO EMP_TEST VALUES('Mading','F', 34); INSERT INTO EMP_TEST VALUES('Waga', 'F', 34); INSERT INTO EMP_TEST VALUES('Lagwi','M', NULL); --change table name ALTER table DEPT_TEST RENAME to RUNG_HPAN; ALTER table EMP_TEST RENAME to BUNGLI_MASHA; --add a column ALTER TABLE RUNG_HPAN ADD MARE_MYING VARCHAR2(50); --add multiple columns ALTER TABLE BUNGLI_MASHA ADD (SHATA_SHBRAI INT, SHNGAI_NHTOI DATE, GASHAGA_JAK_NUMBER VARCHAR2(30), BUNGLI_HPANG_NTHTOI DATE, EMAIL VARCHAR2(50)); --change column name ALTER TABLE BUNGLI_MASHA RENAME COLUMN GASHAGA_JAK_NUMBER to PHONE_NUM; --change data type ALTER TABLE RUNG_HPAN MODIFY Location_ID CHAR(3) not null; ALTER TABLE RUNG_HPAN DROP column Location_ID; Commit; ALTER TABLE RUNG_HPAN ADD Location_ID CHAR(3); --change data values in the column UPDATE RUNG_HPAN set Location_ID='MKN' where Department_ID=31 and Department_Name='Sales'; UPDATE RUNG_HPAN set Location_ID ='WMW' where Department_ID=33 and Department_Name='Engineering'; UPDATE RUNG_HPAN set Location_ID='MAN' where Department_ID=34 and Department_Name='Clerical'; UPDATE RUNG_HPAN set Location_ID='KUT' where Department_ID=35 and Department_Name='Marketing'; UPDATE RUNG_HPAN set MARE_MYING='MYIKYINA' where Location_ID='MKN'; UPDATE RUNG_HPAN set MARE_MYING ='WAIMAW' where Location_ID='WMW'; UPDATE RUNG_HPAN set MARE_MYING='MANMAW' where Location_ID='MAN'; UPDATE RUNG_HPAN set MARE_MYING='KUTHKAI' where Location_ID='KUT'; DELETE from EMP_TEST where last_name='Lahpai' and gender='M'; --truncate table EMP_TEST; --Commit, Rollback and Savepint --Commit command is used to permanently save any transaaction into database --Rollback command restores the database to last commited state. It is also used with savepoint command to jump to a savepoint in a transaction. --savepoint command is used to temporarily save a transaction so that you can rollback to that point whenever necessary. --desc rung_hpan; INSERT INTO RUNG_HPAN VALUES(32, 'Finance','MYITKYINA','MKN'); commit; INSERT INTO RUNG_HPAN VALUES(36, 'IT','WAIMAW','WMW'); savepoint save_point_A; INSERT INTO RUNG_HPAN VALUES(37, 'Risk', 'WAIMAW','WMW'); savepoint save_point_B; INSERT INTO RUNG_HPAN VALUES(38, 'HR', 'WAIMAW','WMW'); savepoint save_point_C; rollback to save_point_B; SELECT * from RUNG_HPAN;
Views: 32 Hkau Doi
SQL with Oracle 10g XE - Using DESCRIBE to View the Table Structure
 
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In this video I use the DESCRIBE command to view the structure of the tables I created in a earlier video. This will show the columns and their data types. It also show the columns that are set as the primary key and fields that can except null data. This video is part of a series of videos with the purpose of learning the SQL language. For more information visit Lecture Snippets at http://lecturesnippets.com.
Views: 16851 Lecture Snippets