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SQL with Oracle 10g XE - Using ALTER TABLE to Modify Table Columns
 
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In this video I use the ALTER TABLE command to modify an existing field column. The command will allow you to change the data types, whether the field can be null, or even the primary key. When using the ALTER TABLE command you would use the keyword MODIFY to make changes to an existing column. Be careful when changing a data type of the null field as existing data may cause an error if not in compliance with the new change. The code I used to alter the Books table is : ALTER TABLE BOOKS MODIFY ISBN_10 VARCHAR(13); This video is part of a series of videos with the purpose of learning the SQL language. For more information visit Lecture Snippets at http://lecturesnippets.com.
Views: 16098 Lecture Snippets
55. ALTER TABLE to Modify existing column in PL/SQL Oracle
 
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In this video you will learn about ALTER TABLE to Modify existing column in PL/SQL Oracle. For Support =========== Email: [email protected] Contact Form: http://www.learninhindi.com/home/contact Our Social Media ================ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LearnInHindi Twitter: https://twitter.com/LearnInHindi For Training & Videos ===================== For more videos and articles visit: http://www.learninhindi.com Free Java Programming In Hindi Course ===================================== https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLOZ3jentlCDAwwhMyoLISrxkXTADGp7PH Free Oracle PL/SQL Programming In Hindi Course ============================================== https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLB5DA82419C2D99B6 Free C Programming In Hindi Course ================================== https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLOZ3jentlCDAxKpBLMWogxSdy6BZcsAJq Trips & Tricks Channel ====================== https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCGmLfkuCo-3lHHJXRJ9HUMw Programming in Hindi Channel ============================ https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCudElIDgwNrybeAvXIy1HZQ
Views: 4361 ITORIAN
Oracle SQL Tutorial 13 - How to Add Column Constraints (Attributes)
 
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So far, we have this table declaration: CREATE TABLE users( user_id NUMBER, username VARCHAR(50 CHAR) first_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR), last_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) ) We can run this command see that it works. As we are learning though, we are going to want to be able to recreate our table with different settings and such, but if you try to run this command, it will complain that the table already exists. So we first need to delete this table before we start editing settings. When we get more experienced, we will learn about ways to edit the structure of a table that already exists. To fix this, we can get rid of the table using the DROP TABLE command: DROP TABLE users You can run this every time if you need to practice by adding a semicolon after it. This is how you can tell Oracle that you are putting in another command after it. This is known as a delimiter. When you run the script, it is going to run both commands. Now we can go through and reconsider our table structure. This is fine for starting out because we don't have any important data in our database, but once your database is in production you are not going to want to just drop tables. In the last video we discussed different constraints that you can apply to columns in a database table, but how do you actually apply these when you are creating a table? The first way you define constraints is to put them right after the column in your CREATE TABLE statement. CREATE TABLE users( username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL ) When we define constraints this way, we usually say we are adding column attributes. If you have two constraints you want to add, you just put one after the other with spaces in between. There is no particular order that is required. CREATE TABLE users( username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL UNIQUE ) In this situation we have already given the column the NOT NULL and UNIQUE attributes, so we should consider making this a primary key: CREATE TABLE users( username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) PRIMARY KEY ) As you can see, adding column attributes is super easy. We can add a default like this: CREATE TABLE users( username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) PRIMARY KEY, account_balance NUMBER DEFAULT 0 ) Note that now we need the comma after the first row. There are a few constraints we did not talk go through an example, specifically foreign keys and check constraints. We will be adding these constraints to our database in future videos. In the mean time, I have a thought for you… Many people prefer to name their column constraints. That way, we can refer to certain constraints by name. For example, we might have a primary key constraint that could be named users_pk. The way we are creating these constraints does not allow for this feature, so in the next video we are going to be discussing different ways to create constraints. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me on Patreon! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 22561 Caleb Curry
Oracle SQL Tutorial 19 - ON DELETE (SET NULL and CASCADE)
 
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Welcome everyone! Something you need to consider when you are creating foreign keys is what happens if you delete the parent? As a reminder, the parent is the row that has the value you are referencing in the row that has a foreign key. Why is this something important to consider? It's important because foreign keys need to protect us from two primary things, unacceptable INSERT statements, and unacceptable DELETE statements. Let's see what happens when we try to insert incorrect data into the table with the foreign key: INSERT INTO projects VALUES (1, 'Update website homepage', 'CalebCurry') The response tells us plainly that there is no such user in the users table. So this works correctly. Deleting data on the other hand works a bit differently because the database does not know what you want to do with the child row when you delete the parent from the parent table. By default, we will get an error message that prevents the parent from being deleted, but there are some other options. How do we configure this? This is where the ON DELETE statement comes in. We add the keywords ON DELETE right after the foreign key and then we can give it the option of CASCADE or SET NULL. CASCADE means that if we delete the parent, we are also going to delete the child. In our situation what that means is that if somebody creates a project in our project table and then that persons account gets deleted, all of the projects he owns will also be deleted. CASCADE: CREATE TABLE projects( project_id NUMBER, Project_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) UNIQUE, creator VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL, CONSTRAINT projects_pk PRIMARY KEY (project_id), CONSTRAINT projects_users_fk FOREIGN KEY (creator) REFERENCES users (username) ON DELETE CASCADE ) SET NULL will take the value in the child table and get rid of it. What you are left with is NULL. This means that we have an orphaned child. The first thought you might have is that it is a bad thing to have an orphaned child, but in databases that is not always so. In our application if we had it set to SET NULL, when a user account gets deleted the projects would remain in existence they would just lack a creator. This might be a good thing if you are concerned about the long term survival of a project, this might be the route you want to go. It ultimately depends on the application purpose. If you don't like CASCADE or SET NULL, you can leave the entire ON DELETE statement and just have Oracle throw an error when a parent is deleted. As for us, we are going to use ON DELETE CASCADE. We need to use this with extreme caution. If you are not careful, someday you will run a delete a row and that will cascade through you database deleting a bunch of stuff you didn't want to delete. Stuff happens, so make sure you back up your database every once in eternity. Now, in the last video we started with a database design that had three tables. We've only created two in this video. In the next video we are going to create the next one, which is a little special. Then we'll finish things up by adding some indexes. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me on Patreon! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 17413 Caleb Curry
Oracle Tutorial - Add and Drop a Column using Alter Table Statement
 
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Oracle Tutorials for beginners: Add and Drop a Column using Alter Statement
Views: 67 Tech Acad
Adding Not Null to an Existing Column
 
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In this episode, I'm going to add a not null constraint to an existing Postgres column. To learn more and for full transcript visit us at https://www.pgcasts.com This episode is sponsored by Hashrocket, a consultancy specializing in PostgreSQL. Visit us at https://hashrocket.com
Views: 1970 PG Casts
SQL Tutorial - 21: The UPDATE Query
 
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In this tutorial we'll check out the UPDATE Query which is used to update/change records in a table.
Views: 92244 The Bad Tutorials
NULL-Related Functions in Oracle
 
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An overview of some of the functions Oracle provides to handle NULL values in SQL and PL/SQL. For more information see: https://oracle-base.com/articles/misc/null-related-functions Website: https://oracle-base.com Blog: https://oracle-base.com/blog Twitter: https://twitter.com/oraclebase Cameo by Bjoern Rost Blog: http://portrix-systems.de/blog/brost/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/brost Cameo appearances are for fun, not an endorsement of the content of this video.
Views: 2740 ORACLE-BASE.com
SQL Server 26 - PRIMARY KEY, NOT NULL, UNIQUE
 
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In the last video we created our first table, but I want to give SQL Server some extra information so the database knows more about each of the columns. The first thing is to establish the primary key. To do this all we do is add PRIMARY KEY after the column we want to be the primary key. Simple enough. When we add a constraint right after the column like this, it is often called a column attribute. CREATE TABLE Animals( ID INT PRIMARY KEY, Name VARCHAR(50), Species VARCHAR(50) ); Additionally, if you are using an ID column, it is best to have it labeled as the IDENTITY column. That way, SQL Server will automatically increment the number. CREATE TABLE Animals( ID INT PRIMARY KEY IDENTITY, Name VARCHAR(50), Species VARCHAR(50) ); The other attributes we've discussed in this series are NOT NULL and UNIQUE. We can make the name NOT NULL and the species NOT NULL. We don't have a good column for UNIQUE, so let's add one: CREATE TABLE Animals( ID INT PRIMARY KEY IDENTITY, Name VARCHAR(50) NOT NULL, Species VARCHAR(50) NOT NULL, ContactEmail VARCHAR(50) NOT NULL UNIUQE ); You can see that it is very easy to add multiple column attributes to a column. Just separate them by spaces. The order does not matter. Also, when you say primary key the column is automatically NOT NULL and UNIQUE. There are other attributes you can use including DEFAULT, FOREIGN KEY, and SPARSE. DEFAULT will give a value for a column if you do not put anything in yourself. Foreign keys are used to reference other columns. SPARSE is an attribute we haven't discussed. You can use SPARSE if most of the rows are going to have a NULL for a column and it saves storage space, but we will worry about that in another video. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 5350 Caleb Curry
ORACLE SQL 38: Add, Rename, Modify column
 
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http://studyandshare.wordpress.com/ http://www.facebook.com/groups/studyandsharevn/
Views: 738 studyandsharevn
Tutorial: Set Database Column to Not Null using a Ruby on Rails Migration
 
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Step by step guide on how to retrospectively change a database column to not null using a ruby on rails database migration
Views: 588 Les Jackson
SQL TUTORIALS : How to rename the column
 
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how to define Column alias in SQL plus.
Views: 3463 learnoracle9i
How to transpose column to row in sql
 
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Hi friends today we will learn how to transpose column data into row of table. #transposecolumntorow Oracle database Unbeatable,Unbreakable Platform..
Views: 16902 Oracle World
APEX27 of 30: Organize IG report: change column order, group & count rows. Issue with  NULL & COUNT.
 
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APEX 18.1 video 27 of 30: Do some housekeeping: Assign new pages to page groups. See some more features in the interactive grid and interactive report pages for organizing and summarizing data. Reorder columns. Use the “control break” and “count” features. See an issue using COUNT when a field might have null values (no data).
Views: 316 Jennifer Kreie
Null value in oracle
 
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this video describes null concept in oracle. join the group and share your knowledge and ask your doubts. https://www.facebook.com/groups/940425699338535/
Oracle SQL Tutorial 15 - How to Add Primary Key Constraints
 
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The goal of this video is to take the CREATE TABLE statement we have and walk through the different ways to create primary keys. This and foreign keys are the most common constraints, so we need to make sure that you have this one down. Once we have a more complex database design with multiple tables, we will learn the proper way to create foreign keys. For now, I am going to keep all of our constraints at the column level, unnamed. The only exception is the primary key, because that is what we are focusing on in this video. The first way to create the primary key is at the column level, unnamed. The primary key is very important because it what we use to distinguish rows from one another. Every table you create is going to need a primary key, and I suggest putting a lot of effort into making sure your keys are set up correctly and organized. --Delete the table if needed: DROP TABLE users; CREATE TABLE users( user_id NUMBER PRIMARY KEY, username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL UNIQUE ) The next way is at the column level, but named: --Delete the table: DROP TABLE users; CREATE TABLE users( user_id NUMBER CONSTRAINT users_pk PRIMARY KEY, username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR)NOT NULL UNIQUE ) The general naming convention here is the table name followed by an underscore, followed by pk for primary key. Finally, the third way, which is at the table level, is the way we are going to create our primary key: --Delete the table: DROP TABLE users; CREATE TABLE users( user_id NUMBER, username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL UNIQUE, CONSTRAINT users_pk PRIMARY KEY (user_id) ) Now, once you've created these constraints, you can use Oracle SQL Developer to find these constraints. Open your databases in the connections tab and find the table in the Tables folder. Double click your table and travel to the Constraints tab. You can tell here that the UNIQUE constraint still exists in this table, but it has a pretty disgusting name. It kind of wants to make me puke. Referencing that constraint in the future with that wacky name would be a burden. Engrave these three options in your head so that you can use any of them whenever you need and can read other peoples' code. Thank you for sticking with the series thus far. In the next video, we will be…doing something. See you then! :) ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me on Patreon! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 16100 Caleb Curry
Oracle SQL Tutorial 18 - How to Create Foreign Keys
 
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In this video we are going to be creating foreign keys. I highly recommend watching the previous video before you watch this one. Essentially, we are creating a very simple database for a system where we can create projects and add people to those projects. We started with the users table: --Delete the table if needed: --DROP TABLE users; CREATE TABLE users( user_id NUMBER, username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) UNIQUE, CONSTRAINT users_pk PRIMARY KEY (user_id) ); Now we are going to create a table for projects with a column that is a foreign key to the username. We're going to want to make this match data types: CREATE TABLE projects( project_id NUMBER, project_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) UNIQUE, creator VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) ) Next, we need to add the column attributes we decided on last video: CREATE TABLE projects( project_id NUMBER, project_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) UNIQUE, creator VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL ) NOT NULL because we want every project to have a creator, but we are not labeling UNIQUE because that means we could only have a specific username once in the table. We want to allow a user to create multiple projects. We also need to add a primary key: CREATE TABLE projects( project_id NUMBER, project_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) UNIQUE, creator VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL, CONSTRAINT projects_pk PRIMARY KEY (username) ) Now, the question that remains is, how can I tell Oracle that I want the username to reference the username column of the other table? We have to make a foreign key constraint. As you've learned from the previous videos, there are about three ways to create constraints. You can do it inline at the column level, unnamed. You can do it at the column level, named, and you can do it at the Table level, named. Usually the table-level is preferred, but I will quickly remind you how to do all three again. CREATE TABLE projects( project_id NUMBER, project_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) UNIQUE, creator VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL REFERENCES users (username), CONSTRAINT projects_pk PRIMARY KEY (project_id) ) This works, but if we want to name it, we should do this: CREATE TABLE projects( project_id NUMBER, project_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) UNIQUE, creator VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL CONSTRAINT projects_users_fk REFERENCES users (username), CONSTRAINT projects_pk PRIMARY KEY (project_id) ) This works, but the preferred method is to do it at the table level: CREATE TABLE projects( project_id NUMBER, project_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) UNIQUE, creator VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL, CONSTRAINT projects_pk PRIMARY KEY (project_id), CONSTRAINT projects_users_fk FOREIGN KEY (creator) REFERENCES users (username) ) Great! So you've learned how to create a foreign key, now we can see it inside of Oracle SQL Developer. One important thing when it comes to foreign keys is what happens when have data in your database and you try to delete the parent row that a row in the child table references? In the next video we are going to configure that using ON DELETE. See you all then and if you enjoy this series, please do me a huge favor by liking the video and subscribing to my YouTube channel. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ HELP ME! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 24064 Caleb Curry
Oracle SQL PLSQL 12C Tutorial 15 - ALTER Statement
 
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This Video Tutorial Will Describe how to change the structure of an existing table. This command will also work on other versions of database like Oracle 11g Database, Oracle 10g Database, Oracle 9i Database, Oracle 8i Database, Oracle 8 Database and so on. This command is used to add, modify or delete the columns from the table. You can add, modify or delete a single column or multiple columns at a time. Full Syntax will be given in this video tutorial about how to use the ALTER table command. Along with the live example to add, modify or delete the columns from the table. All the keywords, format, mandatory clauses etc are described in this video.
SQL tutorial 19: ON DELETE SET NULL clause of Foreign Key By Manish Sharma (RebellionRider)
 
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SQL Tutorial 19 : ON DELETE SET NULL foreign key Clause. Links used in the tutorial On delete set null website article [ download SQL script from same link] : http://www.rebellionrider.com/on-delete-set-null.htm Foreign Key Tutorial Video : http://youtu.be/0nbkBI5r3Gw Foreign Key Tutorial Blog : http://www.rebellionrider.com/sql-foreign-key.htm This video is the part of foreign key video In this sql tutorial you will learn the referential clause ON DELETE SET NULL of foreign key. On Delete Set null clause guarantee the relation integrity in foreign key/ Tool used in this tutorial is SQL Developer. This tutorial series is part of SQL expert exam certification training. if you are preparing for SQL certification you can use my tutorials. This SQL Tutorial is a part of free training. Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=j7eYO7 Contacts E-Mail [email protected] Twitter https://twitter.com/rebellionrider Instagram http://instagram.com/rebellionrider Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj Linkedin. http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com
Views: 49228 Manish Sharma
61. ALTER TABLE for Adding Constraint in Column SQL (Hindi)
 
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Please Subscribe Channel Like, Share and Comment Visit : www.geekyshows.com
Views: 9858 Geeky Shows
SQL tutorials 17: SQL Primary Key constraint,  Drop primary Key
 
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Blog link: http://www.rebellionrider.com/sql-primary-key.htm SQL tutorial on Primary key / SQL Primary key, In this tutorial you will learn about simple primary key, composute primary key, how to drop primary key. defining primary key using create table and alter table along with many other things. Tool used in this tutorial is SQL Developer. This tutorial series is part of SQL expert exam certification training. if you are preparing for SQL certification you can use my tutorials. This SQL Tutorial is a part of free training. Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=j7eYO7 Contacts E-Mail [email protected] Twitter https://twitter.com/rebellionrider Instagram http://instagram.com/rebellionrider Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj Linkedin. http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ Thanks for linking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com So Primary Key There are two types of Primary keys First is Simple primary Key: Primary key which Involves only one column and Second is Composite Primary Key: Primary Key which involves more than one column. We will start with Simple primary key. You can create Primary key either with Create Table statement of by using Alter table Statement. Let's define simple primary key using create table statements. With create table statement we can either define primary key at column level or at table level. We will start with defining Primary key at column level using create table statement. You just have to put keyword Primary key after data type and size of column while defining a column of a table. Here oracle server will create a primary key on product id with default constraint name which will be slightly difficult to understand. You can give your own name to your constraint which is also a good practice.
Views: 102141 Manish Sharma
SQL Null or Empty   How to Check for Null or Empty Column in SQL Server   SQL Training Online
 
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http://www.sqltrainingonline.com SQL Null or Empty - How to Check for Null or Empty Column in SQL Server - SQL Training Online You can download the sample table script at http://www.sqltrainingonline.com/how-to-filter-for-sql-null-or-empty-string/. In this video, I show you how to filter for a SQL null or empty string. It can be difficult to filter a null because you can't simply compare with an equal sign. You have to use a special IS NULL clause to make the filter work. I also show you how to combine both the SQL Null and Empty String together in a special trick with the isnull SQL Server function. I use SQL Server 2012 to demonstrate the technique. Let me know what you think by commenting or sharing on twitter, facebook, google+, etc. If you enjoy the video, please give it a like, comment, or subscribe to my channel. You can visit me at any of the following: SQL Training Online: http://www.sqltrainingonline.com Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/sql_by_joey Google+: https://plus.google.com/#100925239624117719658/posts LinkedIn: http://www.linkedin.com/in/joeyblue Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/sqltrainingonline
Views: 18508 Joey Blue
Oracle APEX | Calculate Tabular Form [Rows & Columns] by JS
 
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More Details: http://geekinto.com/2017/06/21/oracle-apex-calculate-tabular-form-rows-columns-by-js/
Views: 2849 Amr Abdeen
Oracle Database 12c: Improved Defaults
 
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Tom Kyte and Chuck Murray describe several improvements to default behavior in Oracle Database 12c: defaults based on sequences, default on NULL, Identity type columns, and metadata-only defaults. For more information: "CREATE TABLE" statement in Oracle® Database SQL Language Reference http://www.oracle.com/pls/topic/lookup?ctx=db121&id=SQLRF01402 "ALTER TABLE" statement in Oracle® Database SQL Language Reference http://www.oracle.com/pls/topic/lookup?ctx=db121&id=SQLRF01001 "Identity Columns" in Oracle® Database Migration Guide http://www.oracle.com/pls/topic/lookup?ctx=db121&id=DRDAA109
Views: 2206 OracleDBVision
Create Oracle SQL database with auto-incrementing integers for the primary key
 
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Create a new Oracle SQL database using SQL. After the database is created, I demonstrate using an Oracle SQL sequence and trigger to create auto-incrementing integers which are used as the table's primary key.
Views: 12183 Mike Colbert
Oracle SQL Tutorial 21 - How to Create / Drop Indexes
 
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In the last video, we wrote up the SQL to create three tables: CREATE TABLE users( user_id NUMBER, username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) UNIQUE, CONSTRAINT users_pk PRIMARY KEY (user_id) ); CREATE TABLE projects( project_id NUMBER, Project_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) UNIQUE, creator VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL, CONSTRAINT projects_pk PRIMARY KEY (project_id), CONSTRAINT projects_users_fk FOREIGN KEY (creator) REFERENCES users (username) ON DELETE CASCADE ); CREATE TABLE project_users( project_id NUMBER NOT NULL REFERENCES projects (project_id) ON DELETE CASCADE, user_id NUMBER NOT NULL REFERENCES users (user_id) ON DELETE CASCADE, CONSTRAINT project_users_pk PRIMARY KEY (project_id, user_id) ); I'm going to increase the size of the users table a bit by adding a first and last name column. CREATE TABLE users( user_id NUMBER, username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) UNIQUE, first_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR), last_name VARCHAR2 (50 CHAR), CONSTRAINT users_pk PRIMARY KEY (user_id) ); But before we finish this design, we should consider indexing certain columns. What columns should we index? Well, as a reminder, the columns that are indexed by default are columns with the UNIQUE constraint, and those that are labeled as primary keys. Columns that are not indexed but often should be are those labeled as a foreign key. The column that jumps out the most to me is the creator column of the project table. It's the only foreign key that is not part of some index. Let's fix this by creating our first index. The way we do that is with the CREATE INDEX command. CREATE INDEX projects_creator_ix ON projects (creator) What naming convention are we following for the index? We are naming it by the table name, followed by an underscore, followed by the column, followed by an underscore, followed by an ix (for index). In this situation it does not apply, but if our foreign key column is labeled as UNIQUE, we can add the UNIQUE keyword like this: CREATE UNIQUE INDEX projects_creator_ix ON projects (creator) Now if you want to get rid of an INDEX, you can use this command: DROP INDEX projects_creator_ix Now, if we want to select data from the user table and the project table we can do that much faster. That's because the foreign key and column it references are both indexed and those are the columns we would do the join on. We will discuss how to do joins in a future video. So what are some potential problems with this database design? Overall, it is pretty good. With this design though we need to make sure there is no way for someone to update a user's username. In the next video we are going to discuss why. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me on Patreon! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 9381 Caleb Curry
Part 6   Transform rows into columns in sql server
 
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Link for all dot net and sql server video tutorial playlists http://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists Link for slides, code samples and text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2014/06/part-6-transform-rows-into-columns-in.html This is another common sql server interview question. We will be using Countries table in this example. SQL to create the table Create Table Countries ( Country nvarchar(50), City nvarchar(50) ) GO Insert into Countries values ('USA','New York') Insert into Countries values ('USA','Houston') Insert into Countries values ('USA','Dallas') Insert into Countries values ('India','Hyderabad') Insert into Countries values ('India','Bangalore') Insert into Countries values ('India','New Delhi') Insert into Countries values ('UK','London') Insert into Countries values ('UK','Birmingham') Insert into Countries values ('UK','Manchester') Here is the interview question. Write a sql query to transpose rows to columns. Using PIVOT operator we can very easily transform rows to columns. Select Country, City1, City2, City3 From ( Select Country, City, 'City'+ cast(row_number() over(partition by Country order by Country) as varchar(10)) ColumnSequence from Countries ) Temp pivot ( max(City) for ColumnSequence in (City1, City2, City3) ) Piv
Views: 199465 kudvenkat
Oracle NVL Function Explained with Examples
 
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https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-nvl-nvl2-logical-functions/ The Oracle NVL function allows you to check a value and return a different value if that value is NULL. It’s great for using another value if the first one is NULL or an optional value, for example people’s phone numbers. It’s also good alongside aggregate functions and grouping so you can see what the difference is between a subtotal row and an actual NULL value. The syntax of the Oracle NVL function is: NVL( check_value, replace_value ) The parameters are: - check_value (mandatory): This is the value that is displayed to the user. It is also the value that is checked for NULL. - replace_value (mandatory): This is the value that appears if the check_value is NULL. The function can use many different data types as parameters: string, date, or numeric. However, both parameters need to be the same type. For more information about the Oracle NVL function, including all of the SQL shown in this video and the examples, read the related article here: https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-nvl-nvl2-logical-functions/
Views: 500 Database Star
Oracle Database11g tutorials 14 : How to CREATE TABLE using sql developer and command prompt
 
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Oracle Database11g tutorials 14 How to Create table using command prompt and Create table using sql developer Blog Link http://bit.ly/1TkY4Oe Time Line 0:25 Introduction of Tables in Database 1:03 What is Create Table (Introduction of create table) 1:30 Syntax of Create Table 2:08 How to create table using Command Prompt 4:55 How to create table using SQL Developer Links for Oracle Database tutorials 4: database connectivity using SQL developer and command prompt http://youtu.be/wSqoXRlXDUU You can have indepth knowledge about SQL create table here http://www.rebellionrider.com/sql-create-table.html Tool used in this tutorial is command prompt. This tutorial series is part of SQL expert exam certification training. if you are preparing for SQL certification you can use my tutorials. This SQL Tutorial is a part of free training. Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=j7eYO7 Contacts E-Mail [email protected] Twitter https://twitter.com/rebellionrider Instagram http://instagram.com/rebellionrider Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj Linkedin. http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ Thanks for linking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com Today in this oracle database tutorial we will see How to CREATE A TABLE. if we have to define a table in layman language then we can say that Tables are just a collection of Rows and Columns but In RDBMS tables are database objects which help in organizing data into ROWS and COLUMNS. We can also say that SQL tables are kind of data structure which are used by database for efficient storage of data. To create a table in our database we use SQL CREATE TABLE command. SQL CREATE TABLE is a type of DATA DEFINITION LANGUAGE also known as DDL. To Create a table in your schema you will require CREATE TABLE system privilege. In our future videos we will see what are system and object privileges and how to grant them to a user. Today for this video we will be using Sample schema HR which already has all the necessary privileges. Ohk Let's see the syntax. CREATE TABLE table name ( column name1 Data-Type(size), column name2 Data-Type(size), ..... ); CREATE TABLE is an oracle reserved word or say an Oracle key word whereas There are 3 different ways of creating a table in Oracle database. Creating a table using Command Line Interface (CLI) in Oracle database For demonstrating how to create table in oracle database using CLI, I'll be using Command prompt. Thats how we create table using command prompt. you can check your table structure by DESCRIBE command for that just write DESC and your table name. Like this Another way of creating a table is by using Graphic user interface (GUI) in Oracle database To demonstrate how to create table using GUI we will use SQL developer. Lets open our SQL developer I am connected to HR schema if you do not know how to create a connection to database using SQL developer please watch my oracle database tutorial 4 that explains database connectivity using SQL developer and command prompt. Link for this video is in the description below. So lets create a table. Creating a table using SQL developer is very easy we do not have to fire any query here. Let's start First of all right click on your connection in which you want to create a table and choose schema browser. This will open a separate schema browser pane or you can expend your connection by clicking this + sign and then right click on table and choose New Table. However I prefer working with schema browser so let's skip to schema browser pane here from the first drop-down list you can choose connection name and in the second drop down list you can choose what database objects you want to work with we want to create a table thus I'll choose table and then click this arrow here and choose option for new table Ok we have created a table wizard first of all give a unique name to your table and add some column as well. For this, click the green plus button. Now we already have a column so give it some name. Also choose a datatype from the list and specify any size you can check this not null column if in case you want to make this a mandatory column you can also specify default value and constraint If you want to make this column a primary key you can click here In my future video i'll show you what are these constraints and different ways of applying them on a column in a table. for this video we will concentrate on create table only so when you are done with all your columns click ok Thats your table You can double click on your table here and can see its structure. Thats it
Views: 183391 Manish Sharma
The Magic of SQL: Column Update Mystery
 
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You use the update statement in SQL to modify existing values in a row. Normally you have to assign values to each column explicitly. In this video Chris updates the value in one column and also changes the value in another column - without any triggers in sight! Watch the video to see how it's done! ============================ The Magic of SQL with Chris Saxon Copyright © 2015 Oracle and/or its affiliates. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Other names may be registered trademarks of their respective owners. Oracle disclaims any warranties or representations as to the accuracy or completeness of this recording, demonstration, and/or written materials (the “Materials”). The Materials are provided “as is” without any warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including without limitation warranties or merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement.
Views: 6527 The Magic of SQL
Oracle Pseudo columns
 
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pseudo columns in oracle
Views: 263 Siva Academy
SQL Nullable Foreign Key Columns
 
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This video discusses the viability and use of nullable foreign key columns.
Views: 1990 skrelationalis
Grouping function in SQL Server
 
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sql server rollup grouping sql server rollup replace null sql server rollup grouping replace null In this video we will discuss the use of Grouping function in SQL Server. This is continuation to Part 104. Please watch Part 104 from SQL Server tutorial before proceeding. What is Grouping function Grouping(Column) indicates whether the column in a GROUP BY list is aggregated or not. Grouping returns 1 for aggregated or 0 for not aggregated in the result set. The following query returns 1 for aggregated or 0 for not aggregated in the result set SELECT Continent, Country, City, SUM(SaleAmount) AS TotalSales, GROUPING(Continent) AS GP_Continent, GROUPING(Country) AS GP_Country, GROUPING(City) AS GP_City FROM Sales GROUP BY ROLLUP(Continent, Country, City) What is the use of Grouping function in real world When a column is aggregated in the result set, the column will have a NULL value. If you want to replace NULL with All then this GROUPING function is very handy. SELECT CASE WHEN GROUPING(Continent) = 1 THEN 'All' ELSE ISNULL(Continent, 'Unknown') END AS Continent, CASE WHEN GROUPING(Country) = 1 THEN 'All' ELSE ISNULL(Country, 'Unknown') END AS Country, CASE WHEN GROUPING(City) = 1 THEN 'All' ELSE ISNULL(City, 'Unknown') END AS City, SUM(SaleAmount) AS TotalSales FROM Sales GROUP BY ROLLUP(Continent, Country, City) Can't I use ISNULL function instead as shown below SELECT ISNULL(Continent, 'All') AS Continent, ISNULL(Country, 'All') AS Country, ISNULL(City, 'All') AS City, SUM(SaleAmount) AS TotalSales FROM Sales GROUP BY ROLLUP(Continent, Country, City) Well, you can, but only if your data does not contain NULL values. Let me explain what I mean. At the moment the raw data in our Sales has no NULL values. Let's introduce a NULL value in the City column of the row where Id = 1 Update Sales Set City = NULL where Id = 1 Now execute the following query with ISNULL function SELECT ISNULL(Continent, 'All') AS Continent, ISNULL(Country, 'All') AS Country, ISNULL(City, 'All') AS City, SUM(SaleAmount) AS TotalSales FROM Sales GROUP BY ROLLUP(Continent, Country, City) Notice that the actuall NULL value in the raw data is also replaced with the word 'All', which is incorrect. Hence the need for Grouping function. Please note : Grouping function can be used with Rollup, Cube and Grouping Sets Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/09/grouping-function-in-sql-server.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/09/grouping-function-in-sql-server_25.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists
Views: 39376 kudvenkat
Oracle Tutorials | Unique, Not Null & Check  Constraints in Oracle Part- 1 | by Mr.Sudhakar L
 
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Oracle Tutorials | Unique, Not Null & Check Constraints in Oracle | by Mr.Sudhakar L #Oracle #Constraints #Tutorials ** For Online Training Registration: https://goo.gl/r6kJbB ► Call: +91-8179191999 ► Visit Our Website for Classroom Training: https://nareshit.in ► For Online Training: https://nareshit.com/ -------------------------- ► About NareshIT: "Naresh IT is having 14+ years of experience in software training industry and the best Software Training Institute for online training, classroom training, weekend training, corporate training of Hadoop, Salesforce, AWS, DevOps, Spark, Data Science, Python, Tableau, RPA ,Java, C#.NET, ASP.NET, Oracle, Testing Tools, Silver light, Linq, SQL Server, Selenium, Android, iPhone, C Language, C++, PHP and Digital Marketing in USA,Hyderabad, Chennai and Vijayawada,Bangalore India which provides online training across all the locations -------------------------- ► Our Online Training Features: 1.Training with Real-Time Experts 2.Industry Specific Scenario’s 3.Flexible Timings 4.Soft Copy of Material 5. Share Videos of each and every session. -------------------------- Please write back to us at [email protected]/[email protected] or Call us at USA: +1404-232-9879 or India: +918179191999 ** Check The Below Links** ► For Course Reg: https://goo.gl/r6kJbB ► Subscribe to Our Channel: https://goo.gl/q9ozyG ► Circle us on G+: https://plus.google.com/NareshIT ► Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/NareshIT ► Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/nareshitech ► Follow us on Linkedin: https://in.linkedin.com/company/naresh-i-technologies ► Follow us on Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/nareshitech/
Oracle 12C Tutorial 20 - Constraints (Primary, Foreign, Unique, Null etc.)
 
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This Video Tutorial Will Describe about various constraints we can use with tables. Some of the constraints can used as table level or column level so also known as table level constraints and column level constraints. These command will also work on other versions of database like Oracle 11g Database, Oracle 10g Database, Oracle 9i Database, Oracle 8i Database, Oracle 8 Database and so on. In this video i explain Not Null Constraint, Unique key Constraint, Primary Key Constraint, Foreign Key - Reference key Constraint, Check constraint and user_constraints table. Full Syntax will be given in this video tutorial about how to use these constraints. Along with live example to execute Not Null Constraint, Unique key Constraint, Primary Key Constraint, Foreign Key - Reference key Constraint, Check constraint and user_constraints table . All the keywords, format, mandatory clauses etc are described in this video.
Oracle Unused Column
 
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Oracle unused column https://easy-learning-tech.blogspot.com/2018/05/unused-column-in-oracle.html
Views: 65 Siva Academy
SelectTec | Aula Nº 12 |Create Table Primary key - Oracle SQL Developer
 
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primary key syntax: create table nome_tabela (coluna1 tipo not null, coluna2 tipo, constraint nome_pk primary key (coluna1) );
Views: 3592 SelectTec
Alter database table columns without dropping table   Part 67
 
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In this video, we will discuss, altering a database table column without having the need to drop the table. Let's understand this with an example. Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2013/08/part-67-alter-database-table-columns.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2013/09/part-67-alter-database-table-columns.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists We will be using table tblEmployee for this demo. Use the sql script below, to create and populate this table with some sample data. Create table tblEmployee ( ID int primary key identity, Name nvarchar(50), Gender nvarchar(50), Salary nvarchar(50) ) Insert into tblEmployee values('Sara Nani','Female','4500') Insert into tblEmployee values('James Histo','Male','5300') Insert into tblEmployee values('Mary Jane','Female','6200') Insert into tblEmployee values('Paul Sensit','Male','4200') Insert into tblEmployee values('Mike Jen','Male','5500') The requirement is to group the salaries by gender. To achieve this we would write a sql query using GROUP BY as shown below. Select Gender, Sum(Salary) as Total from tblEmployee Group by Gender When you execute this query, we will get an error - Operand data type nvarchar is invalid for sum operator. This is because, when we created tblEmployee table, the "Salary" column was created using nvarchar datatype. SQL server Sum() aggregate function can only be applied on numeric columns. So, let's try to modify "Salary" column to use int datatype. Let's do it using the designer. 1. Right click on "tblEmployee" table in "Object Explorer" window, and select "Design" 2. Change the datatype from nvarchar(50) to int 3. Save the table At this point, you will get an error message - Saving changes is not permitted. The changes you have made require the following tables to be dropped and re-created. You have either made changes to a table that can't be re-created or enabled the option Prevent saving changes that require the table to be re-created. So, the obvious next question is, how to alter the database table definition without the need to drop, re-create and again populate the table with data? There are 2 options Option 1: Use a sql query to alter the column as shown below. Alter table tblEmployee Alter column Salary int Option 2: Disable "Prevent saving changes that require table re-creation" option in sql server 2008 1. Open Microsoft SQL Server Management Studio 2008 2. Click Tools, select Options 3. Expand Designers, and select "Table and Database Designers" 4. On the right hand side window, uncheck, Prevent saving changes that require table re-creation 5. Click OK
Views: 92883 kudvenkat
Oracle Tutorial || Oracle| Sql Constraints Part - 1 by basha
 
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DURGASOFT is INDIA's No.1 Software Training Center offers online training on various technologies like JAVA, .NET , ANDROID,HADOOP,TESTING TOOLS ,ADF,INFORMATICA,TABLEAU,IPHONE,OBIEE,ANJULAR JS, SAP... courses from Hyderabad & Bangalore -India with Real Time Experts. Mail us your requirements to [email protected] so that our Supporting Team will arrange Demo Sessions. Ph:Call +91-8885252627,+91-7207212428,+91-7207212427,+91-8096969696. http://durgasoft.com http://durgasoftonlinetraining.com https://www.facebook.com/durgasoftware http://durgajobs.com https://www.facebook.com/durgajobsinfo......
SQL Server 27 - How to Create FOREIGN KEY Constraints
 
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In the previous video we set up an entire table. The problem with this table is that the species column is just plain text. The problem with this is that there is a higher probability of incorrect data and if we have tons of animals in here there will be a lot of redundant information. The solution to this is to change this species to a foreign key to another table. Remember that when you create a foreign key it is a child to a parent. The thing you need to know is that the parent has to exist before the child so the child has something to reference. So let's create the parent table. CREATE TABLE Species( ID INT PRIMARY KEY IDENTITY, Species VARCHAR(50) NOT NULL UNIQUE, FriendlyName VARCHAR(50) NOT NULL //NOT UNIQUE because multiple rows could be same category (Ex: Bunny) ); Now, the friendly name will likely have redundant data, so maybe later we can add a table for animal categories or something, but let's not overwhelm ourselves quite yet. Maybe in a few videos. Now that we have created that table, we can recreate the table that references it. The first thing to know when creating a foreign key is that the data type must match. Because the ID column in the species table is of type INT, we should make our Species column in the Animals table also of type INT. Secondly, to make this a foreign key we add REFERENCES Species(ID) to the Species column. DROP TABLE IF EXISTS Animals; CREATE TABLE Animals( ID INT PRIMARY KEY IDENTITY, Name VARCHAR(50) NOT NULL, Species INT NOT NULL REFERENCES Species(ID), ContactEmail VARCHAR(50) NOT NULL UNIQUE ); ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 7525 Caleb Curry
How to rename column and see unique value/SQL AS, DISTINCT, IS NULL/SQL Tutorial/Eng, Kor Sub
 
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Check out these simple, but useful queries: AS, DISTINCT, IS NULL You can rename a column or see unique value in columns by using these queries. (Eng/Kor Subtitle) [SQLGate Homepage] https://www.sqlgate.com/?language=en [SQLGate Blog] https://blog.sqlgate.com/
Views: 48 SQLGate
4- Oracle DB - Primary Foreign Unique Not Null Check Composite Keys Table Level and Column Level.avi
 
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Oracle DB - Primary Foreign Unique Not Null Check Composite Keys Table Level and Column Level
Views: 2698 Adel Sabour
SQL tutorials 18: SQL Foreign Key Constraint By Manish Sharma
 
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SQL Tutorial 18: SQL foreign key constraint. Topic covered in this tutorial 1. Defining SQL foreign key using create table at column level 2. Defining SQL foreign key using create table at table level 1. Defining SQL foreign key using Alter Table statement Links Website article: http://www.rebellionrider.com/sql-foreign-key.htm Primary key tutorial: http://www.rebellionrider.com/sql-foreign-key.htm Create Table Tutorial: http://www.rebellionrider.com/sql-create-table.html Tool used in this tutorial is SQL Developer. This tutorial series is part of SQL expert exam certification training. if you are preparing for SQL certification you can use my tutorials. This SQL Tutorial is a part of free training. Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=j7eYO7 Contacts E-Mail [email protected] Twitter https://twitter.com/rebellionrider Instagram http://instagram.com/rebellionrider Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj Linkedin. http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ Thanks for linking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com Foreign key is an Input/output data constraint which is also known as referential integrity constraint. Foreign key represent a link or say a relationship between columns of tables. Similar to primary key constraint Foreign Key constraint is also of two types. Simple Foreign key constraint and Composite Foreign key constraint. Constraint which involves only one column in foreign key in child table and one column in reference key in parent table is called Simple Foreign Key. While the constraint which involves more than one column in foreign key in child table and more than one column in reference key in the parent table is called Composite Foreign Key.
Views: 103728 Manish Sharma
Change "Not Null" to "Null" Across the Database
 
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Nathan Gambill (Microsoft Manager) goes over an SQL Procedure to change "Not Null" to "Null" across a designated database. This helps prevent NULL inserts into NOT NULL column errors.
Views: 469 Agossi SQL
Create Table with constraint Not Null  in Oracle "انشاء جدول بقيد"
 
16:42
Create table with a not null constraint and show how violation occurs. insure data integrity in the database Show how to get random sample data from http://www.generatedata.com/
Views: 204 Reda El Said
Lesson 8 - SQL BETWEEN, IN and More Filtering (Oracle SQL Certification)
 
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In this lesson we continue on from the last lesson and dive deeper into query filtering using the BETWEEN, IN and NULL keywords
Views: 4703 Imtiaz Ahmad
CREATE TABLE WITH CONSTRAINTS - ORACLE - SQL
 
20:35
Create table , add constraints : primary key constraint, foreign key constraint, check constraint, unique constraint, specifying the table space for index, modifying table, dropping table Oracle 10g
Views: 9963 R.N.A. Creation
Tutorial#34 How to find the length of column in Oracle SQL | Length Function
 
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How to find the length of a string/column in Oracle SQL , this course for Oracle SQL beginner or Length Function is used to determine the Length of string OR This function is used to calculate the length of a string or column in query or How to use Length function in Oracle SQL or How to get the length of a string in SQL or The Oracle LENGTH function allows you to find the length of a string, also known as the number of characters in a string. Assignment link: https://drive.google.com/open?id=1b-pcf28jyVvm9GN9pn5I6HYtYiSd_Bj2 In this series we cover the following topics: SQL basics, create table oracle, SQL functions, SQL queries, SQL server, SQL developer installation, Oracle database installation, SQL Statement, OCA, Data Types, Types of data types, SQL Logical Operator, SQL Function,Join- Inner Join, Outer join, right outer join, left outer join, full outer join, self-join, cross join, View, Sub-query, Set Operator. follow me on: Facebook Page: https://www.facebook.com/LrnWthr-319371861902642/?ref=bookmarks Contacts Email: [email protected] Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/equalconnect/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/LrnWthR
Views: 126 EqualConnect Coach
SQL: Default Constraint
 
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In this tutorial, you'll learn how to make use of default constraint PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 6280 radhikaravikumar