Search results “Principles of international conduct”
OLS-HLP 3: The Fundamental Principles of IHL Regulating Hostilities
This session provides a brief introduction to the basic rules of conduct of hostilities, offering participants the opportunity to learn about the relationship between the principles of distinction and proportionality, the rules regarding precautionary measures, and the prohibition of superfluous injury and unnecessary suffering. The definition of a military objective will be covered, as will conditions under which damage to civilian objects or injury or death to civilians may not be unlawful under IHL in certain circumstances.
Views: 2336 PHAPassociation
The Humanitarian Principles
The EU is committed to promoting global respect and compliance with International Humanitarian Law, together with the Humanitarian Principles – humanity, impartiality, neutrality and independence. These help protect the lives of humanitarian workers and ensure safe and unhindered access to those in need. Read more: http://bit.ly/1bJIr0G Video by the European Union
America Says South China Sea Code of Conduct Should ‘Include International Principles’
America Says South China Sea Code of Conduct Should ‘Include International Principles’ SUBSCRIBE my channel here: https://goo.gl/F8gn4Z G+ here: https://goo.gl/UzMJVe ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- PHNOM PENH —  As China and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (Asean) have approved a draft of a proposed agreement to prevent conflict in the disputed South China Sea, a US official has said international norms should be incorporated in the text. China and the 10-nation bloc, which includes four claimants involved in the territorial dispute, have been engaged in sporadic negotiations for years to craft a "code of conduct" aimed at preventing violent outbreaks in the region. “It’s important that all countries, regardless of their size, have the opportunity to represent their national interests as well as the very clear international principles including the principles that are enshrined in [the Law of the Sea]. That position is unchanged,” US Ambassador Piper Campbell, Charge d’Affairs at the US Mission to Asean, said on Tuesday. She added that the US was pleased that China and Asean were moving towards negotiating a code of conduct, adding that forums like the East Asia Summit provide a good opportunity for the United States to discuss the issue with their Asian partners. “Those meetings in Singapore provided an excellent opportunity for frank and clear conversations on the situation in the South China Sea, and to raise our very real concerns about ongoing activities of militarization and to ask for clarity about how those actual steps on the ground, how those fit with the principles that were enumerated by almost every country in the discussion,” Campbell said. Prak Sokhonn, Cambodia’s foreign minister, said that the developments were positive. "Asean and China have demonstrated that trust combined with practical marine cooperation and credible Early Harvest and Confidence Building Measures can bring positive results." FILE PHOTO - The Association of the Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) flag, right, leads the flags of the 10-member countries during the ASEA... ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Views: 739 Hot News
Unit 3 - Standardization principles
In this unit you will learn about the ISO Code of Conduct, principles of standards development, including global relevance, and the reference materials containing ISO rules and procedures. For more information about the TMB, see Course 1 – Unit 1. Key slide: Code of Conduct: https://i.imgsafe.org/8b/8b0c885d97.jpeg Relevant links: ISO Code of Conduct: https://www.iso.org/contents/data/publication/ 10/03/PUB100397.html ISO’s global relevance policy: https://www.iso.org/governance-of-technical-work.html ISO Directives and Policies: https://www.iso.org/directives-and-policies.html TMB Communiqués: http://www.iso.org/tmb-communique
Views: 199 ISO Training
IHL and Humanitarian Principles
IHL and Humanitarian principles The Advanced IHL Learning Series are addressed to lecturers and trainers who wish to update their knowledge of the latest developments and challenges in international humanitarian law (IHL) and other related areas. They enable lecturers to update and deepen their expertise in topical issues, have access to teaching resources and introduce the topics in their course or training. What are the respective aims of IHL and the humanitarian principles? What are their sources? Who are they addressed to? Does IHL refer to the principles? What is the normative framework governing relief operations? How can the principles help foster respect for IHL? This Advanced IHL Learning Series provides lecturers with a wide range of resources to understand and teach these issues. For more information please visit: https://www.icrc.org/en/ihl-and-humanitarian-principles
What is INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW? What does INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW mean? INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW meaning - INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW definition -INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. International humanitarian law (IHL) is the law that regulates the conduct of war (jus in bello). It is that branch of international law which seeks to limit the effects of armed conflict by protecting persons who are not participating in hostilities, and by restricting and regulating the means and methods of warfare available to combatants. IHL is inspired by considerations of humanity and the mitigation of human suffering. "It comprises a set of rules, established by treaty or custom, that seeks to protect persons and property/objects that are (or may be) affected by armed conflict and limits the rights of parties to a conflict to use methods and means of warfare of their choice". It includes "the Geneva Conventions and the Hague Conventions, as well as subsequent treaties, case law, and customary international law." It defines the conduct and responsibilities of belligerent nations, neutral nations, and individuals engaged in warfare, in relation to each other and to protected persons, usually meaning non-combatants. It is designed to balance humanitarian concerns and military necessity, and subjects warfare to the rule of law by limiting its destructive effect and mitigating human suffering. Serious violations of international humanitarian law are called war crimes. International humanitarian law, jus in bello, regulates the conduct of forces when engaged in war or armed conflict. It is distinct from jus ad bellum which regulates the conduct of engaging in war or armed conflict and includes crimes against peace and of war of aggression. Together the jus in bello and jus ad bellum comprise the two strands of the laws of war governing all aspects of international armed conflicts. The law is mandatory for nations bound by the appropriate treaties. There are also other customary unwritten rules of war, many of which were explored at the Nuremberg War Trials. By extension, they also define both the permissive rights of these powers as well as prohibitions on their conduct when dealing with irregular forces and non-signatories. International humanitarian law operates on a strict division between rules applicable in international armed conflict and internal armed conflict. This dichotomy is widely criticized. The relationship between international human rights law and international humanitarian law is disputed among international law scholars. This discussion forms part of a larger discussion on fragmentation of international law. While pluralist scholars conceive international human rights law as being distinct from international humanitarian law, proponents of the constitutionalist approach regard the latter as a subset of the former. In a nutshell, those who favors separate, self-contained regimes emphasize the differences in applicability; international humanitarian law applies only during armed conflict. On the other hand, a more systemic perspective explains that international humanitarian law represents a function of international human rights law; it includes general norms that apply to everyone at all time as well as specialized norms which apply to certain situations such as armed conflict and military occupation (i.e., IHL) or to certain groups of people including refugees (e.g., the 1951 Refugee Convention), children (the 1989 Convention on the Rights of the Child), and prisoners of war (the 1949 Third Geneva Convention).
Views: 12203 The Audiopedia
IOM’s Principles for Humanitarian Action
The International Organization for Migration works to ensure that people affected by crises can access protection and assistance. In doing so, it follows the Principles for Humanitarian Action (PHA), which underpin the Migration Crisis Operational Framework and aim to ensure that the Organization acts on the basis of robust principles and as part of the humanitarian response system. The PHA is available in English at the link below: http://bit.ly/1SMcIe1
Views: 8340 IOM - UN Migration
What is CODE OF CONDUCT? What does CODE OF CONDUCT mean? CODE OF CONDUCT meaning & explanation
What is CODE OF CONDUCT? What does CODE OF CONDUCT mean? CODE OF CONDUCT meaning - CODE OF CONDUCT definition - CODE OF CONDUCT explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. A 'code of conduct' is a set of rules outlining the social norms and rules and responsibilities of, or proper practices for, an individual, party or organization. Related concepts include ethical, honor, moral codes and religious laws. In its 2007 International Good Practice Guidance, "Defining and Developing an Effective Code of Conduct for Organizations", the International Federation of Accountants provided the following working definition: "Principles, values, standards, or rules of behaviour that guide the decisions, procedures and systems of an organization in a way that (a) contributes to the welfare of its key stakeholders, and (b) respects the rights of all constituents affected by its operations." A common code of conduct is written for employees of a company, which protects the business and informs the employees of the company's expectations. It is ideal for even the smallest of companies to form a document containing important information on expectations for employees. The document does not need to be complex or have elaborate policies, but the file needs a simple basis of what the company expects from each employee. A Code of Conduct can be an important step in establishing an inclusive culture, but it is not a comprehensive solution on its own. An ethical culture is created by the organization's leaders who manifest their ethics in their attitudes and behavior. Studies of codes of conduct in the private sector show that their effective implementation must be part of a learning process that requires training, consistent enforcement, and continuous measurement/improvement. Simply requiring members to read the code is not enough to ensure that they understand it and will remember its contents. The proof of CoC effectiveness is when employees/members feel comfortable enough to voice concerns and believe that the organization will respond with appropriate action.
Views: 25811 The Audiopedia
Principles of ICH GCP
Good clinical practice also known as ICH GCP or simply GCP is an international quality standard that is provided by the International Conference on harmonization or ICH which governments can transpose into regulations for clinical trials involving human subjects. Good clinical practice guidelines include protection of human rights as a subject in clinical trials, it also provides assurance of the safety and efficacy of the newly developed compound. Good clinical practice guidelines include standards on how clinical trials should be conducted, define the roles and responsibilities of all stakeholders such as the clinical trial sponsors, clinical research investigators and monitors. In this lecture we will review what is good clinical practice, the definition of GCP, and what its purpose and objectives. We will focus on the 13 principles of GCP
Views: 4327 Chee-Onn Leong
Rules of war (in a nutshell)
Yes, even wars have laws. To find out more, visit http://therulesofwar.org ******** Rules of War in a Nutshell - script Since the beginning, humans have resorted to violence as a way to settle disagreements. Yet through the ages, people from around the world have tried to limit the brutality of war. It was this humanitarian spirit that led to the First Geneva Convention of 1864,and to the birth of modern International Humanitarian Law. Setting the basic limits on how wars can be fought, these universal laws of war protect those not fighting, as well as those no longer able to. To do this, a distinction must always be made between who or what may be attacked, and who or what must be spared and protected. - CIVILIANS - Most importantly, civilians can never be targeted. To do so is a war crime. “When they drove into our village, they shouted that they were going to kill everyone. I was so scared, I ran to hide in the bush. I heard my mother screaming. I thought I would never see her again.” Every possible care must be taken to avoid harming civilians or destroying things essential for their survival. They have a right to receive the help they need. - DETAINEES - “The conditions prisoners lived in never used to bother me. People like him were the reason my brother was dead. He was the enemy and was nothing to me. But then I realized that behind bars, he was out of action and no longer a threat to me or my family.” The laws of war prohibit torture and other ill-treatment of detainees, whatever their past. They must be given food and water and allowed to communicate with loved ones. This preserves their dignity and keeps them alive. - SICK & WOUNDED - Medical workers save lives, sometimes in the most dangerous conditions. “Several fighters from both sides had been critically wounded in a fierce battle and we were taking them to the closest hospital. At a checkpoint, a soldier threatened us, demanding that we only treat his men. Time was running out and I was afraid they were all going to die.” Medical workers must always be allowed to do their job and the Red Cross or Red Crescent must not be attacked. The sick or wounded have a right to be cared for, regardless of whose side they are on. - LIMITS TO WARFARE - Advances in weapons technology has meant that the rules of war have also had to adapt. Because some weapons and methods of warfare don't distinguish between fighters and civilians, limits on their use have been agreed. In the future, wars may be fought with fully autonomous robots. But will such robots ever have the ability to distinguish between a military target and someone who must never be attacked? No matter how sophisticated weapons become it is essential that they are in line with the rules of war. International Humanitarian Law is all about making choices that preserve a minimum of human dignity in times of war, and makes sure that living together again is possible once the last bullet has been shot.
Principles for the Conduct of Comparative Effectiveness Research
Dr. Peter Neumann, professor and director at the Center for the Evaluation of Value and Risk in Health at Tufts Medical Center, outlines principles that could be used to guide the conduct of comparative effectiveness research (CER). Dr. Neumann says principles include the need for stakeholder input, transparency, and the use of relevant methods and data, among other issues. Learn more about these CER principles by watching this interview with Dr. Neumann, who spoke with NPC at the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR) 17th Annual International Meeting in June 2012.
Views: 293 npcnow
Principles of Modern Fire Attack - SLICE-RS Overview
The International Society of Fire Service Instructors is proud to present the Principles of Modern Fire Attack - SLICE-RS training video. We extend our many thanks to the researchers involved and our sponsors who made it all possible. Special thanks to Honeywell First Responder Products, SCOTT Safety, Blue Card, the Volunteer/Combination Officers Section of the IAFC and the Safety, Health & Survival Section of the IAFC. A special thanks to the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and UL. Please share this video to improve firefighter safety.
Views: 243953 ISFSI YouTube
How a Code of Ethics Impacts Nursing Practice (Animation)
Whiteboard animation depicting how a Code of Ethics impacts nursing practice in Canada. For Nurs200 digital assignement. Cyril, Dharmik, Jessica, Ryan, Ryan.
Views: 16880 Ryan Donnelly
Understanding Ethics in Management
In this course, we will define ethics in management and explain how ethical behavior plays an important role in the life of manager’s today. Ethics is the code of moral principles and values that governs the behaviors of a person or group with respect to what is right or wrong. Ethics sets standards as to what is good or bad in conduct and decision making. An ethical issue is present in a situation when the actions of a person or organization may harm or benefit others.
Views: 2897 Gregg Learning
International humanitarian law
Video Software we use: https://amzn.to/2KpdCQF Ad-free videos. You can support us by purchasing something through our Amazon-Url, thanks :) International humanitarian law is the law that regulates the conduct of war .It is that branch of international law which seeks to limit the effects of armed conflict by protecting persons who are not participating in hostilities, and by restricting and regulating the means and methods of warfare available to combatants.IHL is inspired by considerations of humanity and the mitigation of human suffering."It comprises a set of rules, established by treaty or custom, that seeks to protect persons and property/objects that are affected by armed conflict and limits the rights of parties to a conflict to use methods and means of warfare of their choice". ---Image-Copyright-and-Permission--- About the author(s): odder License: Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 (CC-BY-SA-3.0) Author(s): odder (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Odder) ---Image-Copyright-and-Permission--- This channel is dedicated to make Wikipedia, one of the biggest knowledge databases in the world available to people with limited vision. Article available under a Creative Commons license Image source in video
Views: 2715 WikiWikiup
2. Principles & Strategies in Environmental Law
Environmental Politics and Law (EVST 255) The United States' fragmented, piecemeal approach to environmental law is presented through the cases that led to the creation of major environmental statutes such as the Clean Water Act and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act. The variety of federal agencies and levels of government that participate in creating and implementing regulation contribute to the fragmentation of American environmental law. Environmental law seeks to balance the costs of environmental degradation with the economic benefits that companies reap. However, the uncertainty of environmental costs leads to a slow and ineffective regulation process. 00:00 - Chapter 1. A Course About Defining and Solving Problems 04:09 - Chapter 2. The US's Fragmented Approach to Environmental Law 09:22 - Chapter 3. The Central Questions of Environmental Law 30:08 - Chapter 4. A Society with Elaborate Environmental Law 37:33 - Chapter 5. Overview of Cases for the Course Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses This course was recorded in Spring 2010.
Views: 32692 YaleCourses
Code of Conduct 2010 Français
Code of Conduct for The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and NGOs in Disaster Relief The Code of Conduct for The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and NGOs in Disaster Relief, was developed and agreed upon by eight of the world's largest disaster response agencies in the summer of 1994. The Code of Conduct, like most professional codes, is a voluntary one. It lays down 10 points of principle which all humanitarian actors should adhere to in their disaster response work, and goes on to describe the relationships that agencies working in disasters should seek with donor governments, host governments and the UN system. The Code is self-policing. There is as yet no international association for disaster-response NGO's which possesses any authority to sanction its members.
Views: 1453 IFRC
Ethics in Peace Operations
Ethics is commonly used to describe principles of beliefs and actions. In the context of peacekeeping, international organizations have defined their own core values, which are further translated into guiding principles and code of conducts for the international troops and individuals. The misbehavior of an individual and the inability to respect these principles can have long-term consequences to the functioning of the whole operation in the area. However, what if the guiding principles are not sufficiently operationalized by the peace actors? What if the code of conduct and individual peacekeeper’s personal values and beliefs are contradicting one another? What is the right decision to do? How can we overcome the challenges related to misbehaviour or ethical dilemmas in contemporary peace operations? This video invites to consider the inconsistencies between organizational and individual ethical principles. This video is property of the Finnish Defence Forces International Centre.
Views: 252 BlackLionPictures
Business Ethics: Corporate Social Responsibility
Visit Study.com for thousands more videos like this one. You'll get full access to our interactive quizzes and transcripts and can find out how to use our videos to earn real college credit. YouTube hosts only the first few lessons in each course. The rest are at Study.com. Take the next step in your educational future and graduate with less debt and in less time.
Views: 330857 Study.com
Code of conduct (in Arabic)
Code of Conduct for The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and NGOs in Disaster Relief. The Code of Conduct for The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and NGOs in Disaster Relief, was developed and agreed upon by eight of the world's largest disaster response agencies in the summer of 1994 and represents a huge leap forward in setting standards for disaster response. It is being used by the International Federation to monitor its own standards of relief delivery and to encourage other agencies to set similar standards. More information: http://www.ifrc.org/publicat/conduct/index.asp Year: 1996 Duration: 10 minutes 6 seconds
Views: 2282 IFRC
Follow  up video   Code of conduct learning event SD
Humanitarian Principles in practice. ICVA and the ICRC organised a worship on humanitarian principles for NGOs in Jordan from June 23-24, 2014.
Views: 62 ICVA Network
Auditing: Professional Standards: Lecture 2 - Professor Helen Brown Liburd (Spring 2014)
Principles of Auditing: Professor Helen Brown Liburd Lecture 2 Professional Standards January 29th, 2014 Please visit our website at http://raw.rutgers.edu TIME STAMPS (for quick navigation) 2:50 Auditing Standards for Public and Nonpublic Entities 5:54 Overview of GAAS and Principles 8:54 Generally Accepted Auditing Standards 12:40 Components of GAAS 14:06 Responsibilities Principle 23:33 Auditor Independence 27:32 Covered Members 32:01 Prohibited Financial Relationships 35:04 Prohibited Services 36:26 Effect of Family Relationships 42:51 Effect of Actual or Threatened Litigation 43:34 SEC & PCAOB Independence Requirements 45:02 Effect of Actual or Threatened Litigation (Revisited) 56:07 Other Requirements 1:04:17 Other Rules of Conduct (Integrity, Objectivity, Compliance) 1:06:05 Performance Principle 1:09:11 Reporting Principle 1:10:02 Major Items in Auditor's Report 1:10:45 Quality Control Standards 1:13:56 Elements of Quality Control 1:14:45 PCAOB There are different auditing standards for public and nonpublic entities. AICPA Statements on Auditing Standards says that for the audits of public entities, standards issued by the auditing standards board prior to April 2003 not amended or superseded by PCAOB standards (interim standards). For audits of nonpublic entities, all current standards issued by Auditing Standards Board (ASB) apply. The PCAOB Auditing Standards does not deal with the audits of nonpublic entities. For audits of public entities, they state that all current standards issued by the PCAOB apply. Generally accepted auditing standards identify the necessary qualifications and characteristics of auditors and guide the conduct of the audit. The purpose of GAAS is to achieve the following objectives of an audit examination: (1) to obtain reasonable assurance about whether financial statements are free of material misstatement and (2) to report on the financial statements and communicate in accordance with auditor's findings. The responsibilities principle states that an auditor must have competence and capabilities (experience and expertise), independence (independence in fact vs. independence in appearance and financial/managerial relationships), due care (level of performance by reasonable auditor in similar circumstances), and professional skepticism and judgment (skepticism is appropriate for questioning and critical assessment of evidence and judgment is application of training, knowledge, and experience in making informed decisions during the audit). The value of auditing depends heavily on the public's perception of the independence of auditors. A member in public practice shall be independent in the performance of professional services. All covered members are prohibited from owning any direct investments in audit clients. Covered members are individuals on the attest engagement team, individuals in a position to influence the attest engagement, a partner or manager who provides non attest services to the attest client beginning once he or she provides 10 hours of non attest services, a partner in the office in which the lead attest engagement partner primarily practices in connection with the attest engagement, the firm, including the firm's employee benefit plan, and an entity whose operating, financial, or accounting policies can be controlled by any of the individuals or entities described above or by two or more such individuals or entities if they act together. There are several prohibited financial relationships. Direct prohibited financial relationships occur when a covered member has a financial interest in an attest client, such as ownership of stock or a loan to or from the client. A material indirect relationship occurs when a covered member has a financial interest in an entity that is associated with an attest client, for example an investment in a mutual fund that owns the client's stock. An exception to this is certain types of personal loans from financial institutions who are clients are permitted. The independence of a CPA is impaired if the CPA performs a managerial or other significant role for a client's organization during the time period covered by an attest engagement. A firm's independence will be considered to be impaired with respect to a client if a partner or professional employee leaves the firm and is subsequently employed by a client in a key position. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act and several SEC provisions address auditor independence. Prohibited services include bookkeeping and other accounting services, financial information systems design and implementation, appraisal or valuation services, actuarial services, internal audit outsourcing, management of human resource functions, broker, dealer, or investment adviser or investment banker services, legal and expert services unrelated to the audit, and any other service that the PCAOB determines by regulation is impermissible.
Views: 18780 Rutgers Accounting Web
Procurement Training, Purchasing Training, Supply Chain Management Training - Click to Watch Now!
http://www.CenterForPSCMExcellence.org - You will get FREE world-class procurement training, purchasing training and supply chain management training in this video. Omid has 18 years experience with Intel Corp, where he rose to the position of leading their entire global corporate purchasing operations organization. His experience and strength in negotiations earned him the corporate designation of "Godfather of Negotiation Planning" for the entire $2.2B global purchasing organization, thus also nicknamed, The 2 Billion Dollar Man. He has broad and rich experience in complex, high dollar value, and high stakes negotiations, total cost analysis, supply chain management, purchasing contract law, purchasing operations, purchasing policies and procedures, complex sourcing strategies, controls and risk management, selection and deployment of purchasing systems/tools, purchasing integration of mergers and acquisitions, international purchasing strategies, negotiating with different cultures, supplier performance management, procurement training, and purchasing strategy mapping and execution. YOU WILL LEARN: 1. Taking costs out of supply chain  Why asking suppliers to reduce price is an antiquated strategy  Why focusing on supplier profit reduction only attacks a very small part of TCO  How to make your suppliers excited about reducing TCO instead fighting against you  How to change your RFX (RFP, RFQ) strategy and approach forever to get far more innovative and deep cost savings responses from suppliers 2. Writing contracts to prevent & remedy TCO excursions  Why relying on the legal department to "own" the contract terms is the biggest disservice to your results and to your career  How empowering yourself with contract knowledge can liberate you from being dependent on the legal department  Why relying on the standard contract template terms can get you in lots of hot water and how to stay out of it  How to shift the focus from the contract being a safety net for when things go wrong to having it be a strategic tool to make sure things go right 3. Cost Modeling & Benchmarking for success  What the different sorts of cost models are (Should Cost, Must Cost, Total Cost)  When to use each type of cost model and when to use benchmarking  Why using the wrong type of tool will get you poor results and result in lots of wasted time 4. Using concessions to achieve Win-Win Why the traditional notion of Win-Win is completely wrong and needs to be thrown out the window  What the Art and Science of negotiations really is: Meeting ALL of your high value/high TCO objectives while knowing how to make the supplier feel good about the deal  Why listening is the most important negotiation skill and how to use it to achieve Win-Win  How to use a concessions worksheet model to ensure that you know exactly what the supplier wants, and how to deliver them some "wins" that are high value but have minimal impact to your TCO Omid goes even deeper into each of these topics in training through his website, seminars, webinars and courses. We invite you to join our community and experience a paradigm shift in purchasing that will make your career and life much less stressful and much more enjoyable. Work with Omid to rearchitect how you do procurement to CATAPULT your purchasing results, career and income potential, GUARANTEED! World class procurement training and supply chain management training can be found at: http://www.CenterForPSCMExcellence.org
Views: 402421 PurchasingAdvantage
People Matter: The Future of Research Ethics
The Future of Research is being decided now! While we are fortunate to have a robust system of protections in place that help assure research will provide more benefit than harm, the regulations that guide research with human participants have been in place for 40 years. Society is changing, technology is changing, the capabilities and interests of all of us are changing. We need to evolve our research systems too. It is increasingly hard for one group to decide what would be considered a benefit, or a harm, for another. In this new People Matter Project video, we call to institutions and Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) to think creatively about how to conduct trustworthy research in this changing climate.
Views: 18322 UW EDGE Center
Research Ethics 101 Part 1.4 Tuskegee Study
The Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, Research Unit Research Ethics 101: The ethical conduct of research Faculty: Charles Weijer, MD, FRCPC For more information about these videos or the Research Unit specifically at the Royal College please email [email protected] At the end of the session, participants will be able to: ▪ explain the historical imperative for protections of human participants ▪ define the four ethics principles ▪ apply the principles to their own research studies Session description: The session will provide an introduction to the ethics of research involving human participants. It will address the history of research ethics, present a contemporary ethical framework, and discuss its application to differing kinds of research studies. The ethical framework consists of four principles: respect for persons, beneficence, justice, and respect for communities. Each principle provides the foundation for ethical rules, including requirements for informed consent and confidentiality of health information. Taken together these ethical principles and rules provide a comprehensive framework for the analysis of ethical challenges in health research.
Views: 7038 PPIRCPSC
The Code of Conduct ( 1995 ) ( Arabic )
This film sets out the 10 principles of the Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and non-governmental organizations in disaster relief. The Code of Conduct was drawn up by the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, the International Committee of the Red Cross, Caritas Internationalis, Catholic Relief Services, the International Save the Children Alliance, the Lutheran World Federation, Oxfam, and the World Council of Churches. Year: 1995 Producer: IFRC, Nobles Gate Productions Copyright: IFRC Country: multiple countries Duration: 10:02 minutes Language: Arabic Available in other languages (search by title): English – The Code of Conduct French – Le Code de Conduit Spanish - El Codigo de Conducta Original format: Betacam SP video tape File name: 0080463_mp4
Walk the talk. 2/4 Applying the humanitarian principles: lessons learned from the field
"Walk the Talk: Assessing the application of humanitarian principles on the ground" 2/4 Applying the humanitarian principles: lessons learned from the field - Kate Halff- Measuring the principle of impartiality: challenges and observations (00:00) - Marc DuBois- What it means to be a principled actor (6:25) - Sorcha O'Callaghan- Principles and access: the Lebanese Red Cross example (12:49) The first expert panel of ICRC's Research and Debate Cycle on Principles Guiding Humanitarian Action tackled the topic of the application of the humanitarian principles of humanity, impartiality, neutrality and independence in operational environments. The panel discussed the practical relevance of the principles, the challenges to their application, and the question of whether they should be 'measured' or 'assessed' so as to best allocate resources and prioritize responses. Moderator: •Helen Durham, Director, Department of International Law and Policy, ICRC Panelists: •Marc DuBois, Former Executive Director, Médecins Sans Frontières UK (MSF UK) •Kate Halff, Executive Secretary, Steering Committee for Humanitarian Response (SCHR) •Sorcha O'Callaghan, Head of Humanitarian Policy, British Red Cross (BRC) WATCH THE WHOLE CONFERENCE • 1/4 Introduction https://youtu.be/zPmqE-fA9QM 2/4 Applying the humanitarian principles: lessons learned from the field https://youtu.be/HKmNyyXjy30 • 3/4 Setting redlines and making good examples contagious https://youtu.be/tSDfsHulZps • 4/4 Questions and Answers https://youtu.be/bM5FL87RlAs
Introduction, History and Principles of ICH- GCP
Views: 8654 Astra Nova Training
International humanitarian law: a universal code
Is international humanitarian law up to the job of protecting the people affected by modern-day armed conflicts? This film looks in turns at the poor security conditions frequently confronting the civilian population, the fact that people often have to flee their homes, hostage-taking, the dangers posed by cluster munitions, and the work of preventing and, punishing war crimes. It tells us the basic rules of the law and reminds us that respecting them is everyone's responsibility. http://www.icrc.org
Anti-Money-Laundering, Counterterrorism Financing and Financial Crime
Anti-Money-Laundering, Counterterrorism Financing and Financial Crime: The Critical Role of Financial Institutions and How It Affects You Talk by Hue Dang ’92, Head of Asia for the Association of Certified Anti-Money-Laundering Specialists. Media coverage in the last several years of financial penalties against global banks such as BNP Paribas ($8.9 billion) or HSBC ($1.92 billion) for money-laundering and sanctions violations—to name just a few examples—highlights the increasing risks to banks as they conduct their normal business. We now live in an era of international money-laundering controls. The terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, revolutionized the anti-money-laundering (AML) field and brought into stark relief the threat of the movement and disguising of funds destined for the support of terrorism throughout the world, introducing a whole new effort to combat the financing of terrorism (CFT). As a result of the governmental reaction in virtually all countries, banks, non-bank financial institutions and nonfinancial businesses face tougher national and international legal requirements and harsher penalties than ever before. By the same token, the regulators of those businesses, law-enforcement agents and prosecutors also face greater challenges and responsibilities in their work. The discussion of what this means to you will include the economic and social consequences of money laundering; the latest regulatory developments in the U.S., Asia and Europe; challenges in effective AML/CFT implementation; and key lessons learned from recent cases. Presented by the Class of 1992.
Views: 35148 AmherstCollege
NCUC Singapore 4 - Internet Governance Principles
NonCommercial Users Constituency Conference - Singapore - March 21 2014 - "ICANN and Global Internet Governance: The Road to São Paulo, and Beyond" 4 - Internet Governance Principles Over the past few years, intergovernmental and nongovernmental groups had produced more that twenty five statements and declarations on principles for global Internet Governance. These documents generally support multistakeholder, consensus-based procedures and point to some areas of consensus on substantive policy matters, but they also vary in other respects. For examples, some advance principles regarding processes and participation, while others relate to the architecture, design and technical operation of the Internet, or to fundamental human rights and matters of Internet usage and economics. As the NETmundial hopes to agree on a set of universal Internet Governance principles, there is a pressing need to think through some key questions. * Which procedural principles regarding the conduct of global Internet governance might be desirable to include, e.g. regarding issues like inclusive participation on an equal footing, transparency, and accountability? * Which general substantive principles might be desirable, e.g. regarding issues like the preservation of a single Internet, the globalization of critical functions and institutions, the protection of human rights, or the promotion of the global public interest? Which specific substantive principles might be desirable, regarding which issues? * How do we balance what is desirable and what is politically feasible? Which principles seem to be most at odds with one another, and how might we reconcile these? MODERATOR: 00:04 Adam Peake Executive Research Fellow, Center For Global Communications, International University of Japan; member of the Executive Multistakeholder Committee, NETMundial meeting (NCUC, GNSO) http://icannwiki.com/index.php/Adam_Peake PANEL: 02:26 Niels ten Oever Head of Digital, Article 19 (NCUC, GNSO) http://nielstenoever.net/ 07:09 Jari Arkko Chair, Internet Engineering Task Force https://www.ietf.org/iesg/bio/jari-arkko.html 11:46 Oliver Sueme Attorney-at-Law; President of EuroISPA (Internet Service Providers Constituency, GNSO) http://www.eco.de/2010/team/ra-oliver-sume.html 16:12 Erika Mann Director of Public Policy, Facebook (Board of Directors) http://www.icann.org/en/groups/board/mann.htm 22:16 Michele Neylon CEO & Founder Blacknight; Chair of the Registrar Constituency (Registrar Constituency, GNSO) http://icannwiki.com/index.php/Michele_Neylon Q&A 28:13 Adam Peake Executive Research Fellow, Center For Global Communications, International University of Japan; member of the Executive Multistakeholder Committee, NETMundial meeting (NCUC, GNSO) http://icannwiki.com/index.php/Adam_Peake 40:17 Eliot Lear Principal Engineer, Cisco Systems (IETF) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eliot_Lear 42:18 Izumi Okutani Policy Liaison, Japan Network Information center; member, IGF MAG (ISP Constituency, GNSO) http://www.intgovforum.org/cms/wks2013/panellist_2013_list_view.php?qbofmmjtu_je=139 43:48 Stéphane Van Gelder Former GNSO Council Chair http://www.stephanevangelder.com/archives/5-About-me.html 51:23 Grace Githaiga Associate,Kenya ICT Action Network (KICTANet) http://icannwiki.com/index.php/Grace_Githaiga 53:04 Alejandro Pisanty Director of Computing Academic Services, UNAM, Mexico http://icannwiki.com/index.php/Alejandro_Pisanty 53:28 Bertrand de la Chappelle Directir, Internet &Jurisdiction Project, Former ICANN Board Member http://icannwiki.com/index.php/Bertrand_de_la_Chapelle 59:57 Robin Gross Executive Director, IP Justice (NCUC, GNSO) http://icannwiki.com/index.php/Robin_Gross 1:01:36 Izumi Okutani Policy Liaison, Japan Network Information center; member, IGF MAG (ISP Constituency, GNSO) http://www.intgovforum.org/cms/wks2013/panellist_2013_list_view.php?qbofmmjtu_je=139 Background Material http://www.ncuc.org/singapore2014/background-material/#Panel2 More info: http://www.ncuc.org/singapore2014/ http://www.ncuc.org/singapore2014/
UNIDROIT Principles (PICC): Principles Familiar to Civil Law, Unfamiliar to Common Law Tradition
Speaker 3: Eckart Brödermann Principles Familiar to Civil Law, Unfamiliar to Common Law Tradition • Knock-Out Doctrine • Pre-contractual conduct in contract interpretation • Course of performance in contract interpretation • Duty of Good Faith in contract negotiations UNIDROIT PRINCIPLES OF INTERNATIONAL COMMERCIAL CONTRACTS On 25 February 2015, a two-hour program, The 2010 UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts, took place in six video-linked locations: New York, London, Paris, Berlin, Frankfurt, andWashington D.C. The event, an initiative of the New York Branch of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators (CIArb NY Branch), was organized and hosted by Squire Patton Boggs, and co-sponsored by ICC/SICANA, Inc., the New York International Arbitration Center (NYIAC), the College of Commercial Arbitrators (CCA), and the CIArb European Branch and Washington D.C. Chapter. Six prominent academics active in the UNIDROIT Principles Working Group made presentations on specific topics and answered questions from an audience sophisticated in international commercial law and dispute resolution. The event provided an occasion for a lively introduction to key provisions of the UNIDROIT Principles, to their actual and potential use in cross-border commercial contracts, and to their influence in the evolution of commercial law in civil, common law and developing legal systems. The program was introduced by Peter Michaelson (independent arbitrator and chair of CIArb New York Branch), and moderated by Richard Mattiaccio (Squire Patton Boggs (US) LLP partner, chair of the CIArb New York Branch Programming Committee, CCA Fellow, NYIAC director, and UNIDROIT Principles Working Group observer.)
Views: 153 CIARB NY
Ethics Workshop Part 1 - Overview of Moral Reasoning and Ethical Theory
Overview of Moral Reasoning and Ethical Theory Shannon E. French Ph.D. - Inamori Professor of Ethics and Director, Inamori International Center for Ethics and Excellence
Views: 76636 case
France urges countries to respect international law in South China Sea
France urges countries to respect international law in South China Sea SUBSCRIBE my channel here: https://goo.gl/F8gn4Z G+ here: https://goo.gl/UzMJVe ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- SINGAPORE - French Defence Minister Florence Parly called on countries to abide by international law in the South China Sea, saying that France would persistently object to the creation of any claim to de facto sovereignty of the islands there. In a veiled criticism on Sunday (June 3) of China's militarisation in the disputed waters, Ms Parly said at the Shangri-La Dialogue that the importance of these waterways to the economic security of states did not give them a right to bypass international maritime law. Ms Parly said in a speech at a session on regional security cooperation: "France is not part of territorial disputes in the area nor will it be, but we insist on two principles of the rules-based international order. "Disputes should be resolved by legal means and negotiation, not by fait accompli, and freedom of navigation must be upheld." But her comments that a South China Sea code of conduct should be legally binding - a sticking point with China - drew a pointed remark from a Chinese delegate, as soon as the floor was open to questions. China and Asean, which claimant states such as Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines and Vietnam are part of, are negotiating a code of conduct in the South China Sea, a move Ms Parly said France fully supports. But she added: "It should be legally binding, comprehensive, effective and consistent with international law. We believe negotiations are the way to go." Major-General Yao Yunzhu of China thanked Ms Parly for her speech but questioned her comment that the code of conduct should be legally binding. "France to my knowledge is not a negotiating state, so what kind of international law have you based your remarks on to make such demanding requests?" Ms Parly replied that her comment had merely been an opinion. In her speech, she also said countries should be very clear that fait accompli acts would not be accepted. Secur... ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Views: 1667 Hot News
INDIA to Fight CHINA in South China SEA Dispute
INDIA to Fight CHINA in South China SEA Dispute . China will fight against India in South china china sea dispute. India plays a role in South china Sea . India and ONGC finds Oil in South China Sea . India warns China on South China sea . India talks on South China sea . Indian military on south china sea . Indian ocean of South china sea . China military in south china sea . Chines man made island in south china sea . America on South china sea . Japan on South China sea with India . USA on south china sea . India, Spain for resolving South China Sea disputes peacefully. MADRID: Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Spanish President Mariano Rajoy today stressed the importance of resolving the disputes in the strategic South China Sea in accordance with the universally recognised principles of international law, a statement that could anger China. In a joint statement after their wide-ranging talks, the two leaders reiterated their commitment to the freedom of navigation and overflight and unimpeded commerce based on the principles of international law, as reflected in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). They urged all parties to resolve disputes "through peaceful means without resorting to threat or use of force, exercise self-restraint in the conduct of activities, and avoid unilateral actions that raise tensions." Regarding the South China Sea, the two Heads of Government stressed the importance of resolving the disputes in accordance with the universally recognised principles of international law, including the UNCLOS. While in Germany, Modi and Chancellor Angela Merkel had also touched upon the issue of freedom of navigation in international waters. However, the two leaders had not specifically mentioned the South China Sea issue. "Both sides underlined the importance of freedom of navigation in international waters, the right of passage and other maritime rights and obligations in accordance with the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea and other principles of international law. Both Leaders attached particular importance to security, stability, connectivity and sustainable development of the blue economy in the Indian Ocean Region," a joint statement issued by India and Germany had said in Berlin. China claims sovereignty over all of South China Sea. Vietnam, Malaysia, the Philippines, Brunei and Taiwan have counter claims. China is engaged in hotly contested territorial disputes in both the South China Sea and the East China Sea. Beijing has built up and militarised many of the islands and reefs it controls in the region. Both areas are stated to be rich in minerals, oil and other natural resources. They are also vital to global trade. Thanks for watching. Subscribe to our channel. Thanks for watching. This is World Conspiracy Daily WC Daily If you have any points comment below. Production: Hades Pictures Music: Bensound http://bensound.com/
Views: 3479 WC Daily
Amending and Preserving International Law: The Case of Israel's Military Operations in Gaza
Date: June 18, 2009 Conference: "Hamas, the Gaza War, and Accountability Under International Law" hosted by the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs & Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung Speaker: Daniel Taub (Ambassador of Israel to the United Kingdom) In his presentation, Ambassador Taub discusses the interface between international la wand a military operation, specifically, where do international lawyers and legal advisors impact the conduct of military operations. In terms of the Israel Defense Forces (IDF), international lawyers and legal advisors have four points of contact: prior (lawyers train members of the IDF), during (pre-specific operation), during operation (emergency legal advice mechanism) and post-operation (lawyers are involved in investigations which may lead to disciplinary proceedings). In terms of the conduct of operations, international lawyers evaluate the following four principles: military necessity, the principle of distinction (civilians vs. combatants), proportionality and humanity. View the full conference here: http://media-line.co.il/Events/Jcpa/Law-Conference/eng.aspx
Views: 150 TheJerusalemCenter
9. 1. Principles and Model Rules of Modern Private Law: System of Coordinates, 18 June 2014
The panel is dedicated to the needs and possibilities of harmonizing private law in Europe and rest of the world. Central object of discussion will be the practical meaning of the most important modern project dedicated to harmonization of private law “Common Frame of Reference” (DCFR) (translation into Russian was published in 2013). Contract law has taken a central place in the DCFR since contractual relations between different people in different countries presume that law in those countries should not be too different. The project Common European Sales Law (CESL) has been developed on the basis of the DCFR; however, its legal meaning for the future is still unclear. Moderator: Paul Varul, Professor, University of Tartu - Partner, Law Firm VARUL
Views: 102 SpbLegalForum
The Worldwide Charter for Fair International Commerce
★ ★ ★ ★ ★ http://standardizations.org/charter ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ The Worldwide Charter for Fair International Commerce is free of charge project that has been developed by the International Businesses Standards Organization (IBSO) to be a code of conduct and a minimal set of universal principles for the international business community. This IBSO's initiative allows for participating organizations to formally proclaim their commitment to promote sustainable and positive business practices with respect to social and environmental values. Every Worldwide Charter for Fair International Commerce signatory have a right to use the Charter Signatory logo on site and in other advertising purposes and being listed in Catalogue on IBSO's official site. For more information please visit the website at http://standardizations.org/charter
ETHICS: G Fisher, Chevron: Part 4. Five Principles of Corporate Responsibility
November 12, 2010. Gary Fisher, Chevron: Five principles of corporate responsibility. Gary Fisher, General Manager, Corporate Public Policy, Chevron Corp., speaks on the role of corporate social responsibility. To find out more about the College of Business Daniels Fund Ethics Initiative, please visit us at http://business.nmsu.edu/programs-centers/daniels-ethics.
Views: 269 nmsubusinesscollege
What is RESEARCH ETHICS? What does RESEARCH ETHICS mean? RESEARCH ETHICS meaning & explanation
What is RESEARCH ETHICS? What does RESEARCH ETHICS mean? RESEARCH ETHICS meaning - RESEARCH ETHICS definition - RESEARCH ETHICS explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. Research ethics involves the application of fundamental ethical principles to a variety of topics involving research, including scientific research. These include the design and implementation of research involving human experimentation, animal experimentation, various aspects of academic scandal, including scientific misconduct (such as fraud, fabrication of data and plagiarism), whistleblowing; regulation of research, etc. Research ethics is most developed as a concept in medical research. The key agreement here is the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki. The Nuremberg Code is a former agreement, but with many still important notes. Research in the social sciences presents a different set of issues than those in medical research. The academic research enterprise is built on a foundation of trust. Researchers trust that the results reported by others are sound. Society trusts that the results of research reflect an honest attempt by scientists and other researchers to describe the world accurately and without bias. But this trust will endure only if the scientific community devotes itself to exemplifying and transmitting the values associated with ethical research conduct. There are many ethical issues to be taken into serious consideration for research. Sociologists need to be aware of having the responsibility to secure the actual permission and interests of all those involved in the study. They should not misuse any of the information discovered, and there should be a certain moral responsibility maintained towards the participants. There is a duty to protect the rights of people in the study as well as their privacy and sensitivity. The confidentiality of those involved in the observation must be carried out, keeping their anonymity and privacy secure. As pointed out in the BSA for Sociology, all of these ethics must be honoured unless there are other overriding reasons to do so - for example, any illegal or terrorist activity. Research ethics in a medical context is dominated by principlism, an approach that has been criticised as being decontextualised. Research ethics is different throughout different types of educational communities. Every community has its own set of morals. In Anthropology research ethics were formed to protect those who are being researched and to protect the researcher from topics or events that may be unsafe or may make either party feel uncomfortable. It is a widely observed guideline that Anthropologists use especially when doing ethnographic fieldwork. Research informants participating in individual or group interviews as well as ethnographic fieldwork are often required to sign an informed consent form which outlines the nature of the project. Informants are typically assured anonymity and will be referred to using pseudonyms. There is however growing recognition that these formal measures are insufficient and do not necessarily warrant a research project 'ethical'. Research with people should therefore not be based solely on dominant and de-contextualised understandings of ethics, but should be negotiated reflexively and through dialogue with participants as a way to bridge global and local understandings of research ethics. In Canada, there are many different types of research ethic boards that approve applications for research projects. The most common document that Canadian Universities follow is the Tri-Council Policy Statement. However, there are other types of documents geared towards different educational aspects such as: biology, clinical practices, bio-technics and even stem cell research. The Tri-Council is actually the top three government grant agencies in Canada. If one was to do research in Canada and apply for funds, their project would have to be approved by the Tri-Council. Furthermore, it is the researchers ethical responsibility to not harm the humans they are studying, they also have a responsibility to science, and the public, as well as to future students.
Views: 13573 The Audiopedia
Why is the FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries important?
The Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries (CCRF) is a voluntary set of global principles, goals and areas for action that is intended to guide developed and developing countries alike in formulating and implementing responsible fisheries management policies and practices. Officially adopted by FAO members in 1995, the Code serves as an important reference point for national legislators and as an internationally agreed framework to direct global efforts to achieve the sustainable exploitation of aquatic resources, taking all relevant economic, social, nutritional, cultural and environmental aspects into account. In this video, FAO experts speak in more detail about the Code and related initiatives. © FAO: http://www.fao.org
How to Interpret ISO9001 Eight Quality Management Principles
http://bit.ly/drjqnY How to Interpret ISO9001 Eight Quality Management Principles and conduct iso audit for the implementation of the eight quality principles
Views: 1460 Dr. L M Foong
Kayihura praises Besigye for being steadfast in his principles
Inspector general of police, General Kale Kayihura, in unusual stance praised former FDC leader, Dr. Kizza Besigye for his steadfastness in opposing the government. Kayihura however blames Besigye for not asking for permission to stage rallies which results in confrontation with the police. He was speaking at an event in Makerere where senior army officers where recognized by a student’s body. Subscribe to Our Channel For more news visit http://www.ntv.co.ug Follow us on Twitter http://www.twitter.com/ntvuganda Like our Facebook page http://www.facebook.com/NTVUganda
Views: 31949 NTVUganda
World’s first International Centre for Humanitarian Forensics launched in India
The world's first International Centre for Humanitarian Forensics (ICHF) was launched on 20 June 2018 in Gujarat, India by the Gujarat Forensic Sciences University (GFSU) in collaboration with the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) Regional Delegation for India, Bhutan, Nepal and the Maldives. ICHF is the first definitive effort at institutionalising humanitarian forensic action within an existing university system. The Centre will conduct various academic and professional programmes, training, research and provide technical expertise to support operations (together with authorities and agencies concerned) in the field of humanitarian forensics. It is envisioned to be the one-stop centre of excellence in Asia for global high quality and sustainable capacity building, research and innovative projects that will underpin operational responses for humanitarian forensic purposes in relevant contexts. For more visit : www.icrc.org/in, blogs.icrc.org/new-delhi
NCUA OGC Ethical Conduct
A brief overview of ethical principles in the workplace. (Video content current as of posting date.)
Views: 345 NCUAchannel
Crash course Nieuwenkamp Responsible Business OECD
Crash Course Responsible Business Conduct at the OECD. Brief explanation about the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises which is the International OECD agreement on Corporate Responsibility. It deals with labor standards, human rights, environment, bribery, etc. It explains the globally active complaints mechanism, the National Contact Point System. The complaints mechanism deals with complaints from trade unions, civil society, local communities about corporate misbehavior and tries to solve the problems by mediation. http://mneguidelines.oecd.org
Views: 590 Roel Nieuwenkamp
Theistic Conduct - Integrating the principles of Bhakti Yoga Part 2 by HG Hariguru Prabhu, 12.17.14
Theistic Conduct - Integrating the principles of Bhakti Yoga Part 2 by HG Hariguru Prabhu Recorded on 12.17.2014, ISKCON of Silicon Valley
Lobby for Cyprus cultural destruction slideshow
In the summer of 1974 Turkey invaded and ethnically cleansed the northern areas of Cyprus, in violation of international law and the ethical principles of civilised conduct. Since 1974, Turkey has unlawfully and unethically occupied those areas in defiance of multiple UN Security Council resolutions. A disturbing feature of the post-1974 epoch has been Turkey's assault and neglect of the rich cultural heritage of the areas under its illegal occupation. Turkey has engaged in an obvious programme of de-Hellenisation, de-Christianisation, Turkification and Islamisation of the areas. This ethnic cleansing has not only had adverse consequences for Hellenism, but also for the Armenian, Maronite, Jewish and others who formed part of the landscape of pre-1974 northern Cyprus. Among other crimes, ancient sites have been vandalised, churches, synagogues and cemeteries have been desecrated, mosaics have been ripped out and icons have been looted and illegally sold on the black market abroad. All of which this is not only an affront to the dignity of those who were forcibly uprooted in 1974, but also a violation of international law such as The Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property 1954. It is about time Turkey was held accountable for its crimes.
Views: 329 thelobbyforcyprus