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Oracle SQL Tutorials 16 ll Update data in a table

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USING SQL COMMAND Types of SQL Commands The following sections discuss the basic categories of commands used in SQL to perform various functions. These functions include building database objects, manipulating objects, populating database tables with data, updating existing data in tables, deleting data, performing database queries, controlling database access, and overall database administration. The main categories are DDL (Data Definition Language) DML (Data Manipulation Language) DQL (Data Query Language) DCL (Data Control Language) Data administration commands Transactional control commands Defining Database Structures Data Definition Language, DDL, is the part of SQL that allows a database user to create and restructure database objects, such as the creation or the deletion of a table. Some of the most fundamental DDL commands discussed during following hours include the following: CREATE TABLE ALTER TABLE DROP TABLE CREATE INDEX ALTER INDEX DROP INDEX CREATE VIEW DROP VIEW Manipulating Data Data Manipulation Language, DML, is the part of SQL used to manipulate data within objects of a relational database. There are three basic DML commands: INSERT UPDATE DELETE Selecting Data Though comprised of only one command, Data Query Language (DQL) is the most concentrated focus of SQL for modern relational database users. The base command is as follows: SELECT This command, accompanied by many options and clauses, is used to compose queries against a relational database. Queries, from simple to complex, from vague to specific, can be easily created. The SELECT command is discussed in exhilarating detail during Hours 7 through 16. A query is an inquiry to the database for information. A query is usually issued to the database through an application interface or via a command line prompt. Data Control Language Data control commands in SQL allow you to control access to data within the database. These DCL commands are normally used to create objects related to user access and also control the distribution of privileges among users. Some data control commands are as follows: ALTER PASSWORD GRANT REVOKE CREATE SYNONYM You will find that these commands are often grouped with other commands and may appear in a number of different lessons throughout this book. Data Administration Commands Data administration commands allow the user to perform audits and perform analyses on operations within the database. They can also be used to help analyze system performance. Two general data administration commands are as follows: START AUDIT STOP AUDIT Do not get data administration confused with database administration. Database administration is the overall administration of a database, which envelops the use of all levels of commands. Database administration is much more specific to each SQL implementation than are those core commands of the SQL language. Transactional Control Commands In addition to the previously introduced categories of commands, there are commands that allow the user to manage database transactions. COMMIT Saves database transactions ROLLBACK Undoes database transactions SAVEPOINT Creates points within groups of transactions in which to ROLLBACK SET TRANSACTION Places a name on a transaction Transactional commands are discussed extensively during Hour 6, "Managing Database Transactions." sql interview questions,sql interview questions and answers,interview questions for freshers,SQL,sql tutorial BEGINNERS,oracle,pl sql,pl/sql,mysql,oracle interview,google interview question,trigger in oracle,dbms,rdbms, oracle tutorial,pl sql basics,pl sql tutorials, pl sql example,sql,sql server ,query,sql query,questions,interview questions,coding interview,sql coding, code , database interview questions and answers,interview questions sql, interview questions,sql server,sql interview,interview sql,interview question sql join ,inner join, group by,select sql,interview questions ,sql basic, PL SQL Programs,PL SQL,PL SQL block,PL SQL Function,PL SQL Package,PL SQL Package body,PL SQL Procedure ,PL SQL Trigger,PL SQLType,PL SQL Type body,CREATE OR REPLACE PROCEDURE,database interview questions and answers,interview questions sql, interview questions,sql server,Procedural Language,interview sql,interview question sql join ,inner join, group by,select sql,interview questions ,sql basic,pl sql variable,oraclecoach,claire rajan, PL SQL,PL SQL block,PL SQL Function,PL SQL Package,PL SQL Package body,PL SQL Procedure,PL SQL Trigger,PL SQLType,PL SQL
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