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14. John Rawls & The Principles of Justice

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In this video, professor Thorsby offrs an introduction to the basic conepts of John Rawls.
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Nazia Saleem (18 days ago)
Plz upload on Michael Sandel’s Communitarian theory of justice
argeurasia (4 months ago)
I'm sorry but the accent is quite annoying.
Aart de Vletter (6 months ago)
Great video, but please do something about your audio. It's very distracting
Nella Sergejeva (1 year ago)
Thank you so much! Clear and informative!
Jeffrey Ramsey (1 year ago)
at about 36:38, The first principle is negative. Its about liberties. see. negative rights, are where we just wanna be left alone basically. the government does not have positive duties to provide you with anything. Rather, here for Rawls, the gov says ya'll are equal and have basic indefeasible rights. pp 42 - 43 of Justice as Fairness, and pp 60, 61 of the 1st edition 1st printing through at least the 10th printing in 1980 ( which are the copies that I own). The second principle is positive. The government of a constitutional democracy ( the narrowing of Rawls focus beginning around 1975 when he published this focus in other languages, and then makes this clear in his, "political liberalism" and his "justice as fairness". So: negative rights and positive rights: see Isaiah Berlin, and Ronald Dworkin, ... et al . Am I incorrect that you might be referring to neg and pos rights in this line of thought ? are you saying positive , for the 1st principle, and negative for the 2nd in an entirely new usage of the words?
Michael Pay (1 year ago)
41:14 "Number C" lol I caught that. :P
Esteban B (2 years ago)
Great video thanks for taking the time out to put it together. I have a specific question with regards to the viability of this theory in contemporary human societies. The components and elements of the theory are certainly enriching and thought provoking but how would the process actually come about?
Jeffrey Ramsey (1 year ago)
One idea is that in order to fulfill the positive rights duties called for in the 2nd principle part b), (the difference principle), the government enacts policies that benefit the least advantaged in society. Like... paying extra wages for general practitioners to work. The poor have much greater need for gen practitioners than for specialists. and typically specialists make way way more than generals, so, the government creates the policy that generals get paid more than the market, such as it exists, pays. The positive duty of the 2nd principle could be instantiated with a more principled social security. Say... folks earning 25,000.00 per year and folks earning 225,000.00 per year both put in 12.5 percent of their gross wages into social security, and then both take out a fixed amount of 1,000.00 month from ages 65 to age 85 when they both die. This thought example of two persons demonstrates: the rich person puts in more than the poor person and receives back the same amount, it thus works to the benefit the least advantaged in society. see pages 60..61 of the A Theory of Justice, and pp 42-43 of Justice as Fairness.
Yang Yi (2 years ago)
Thank you!
Lloyd Blunden (2 years ago)
Fabulous. Well done. Please note that on page 302 of A Theory of Justice that the Second Principle reads: "Social and economic inequalities are to be arranged so that they are both (a) to the greatest benefit of the least advantaged, consistent with the savings principle, and (b) attached to offices and positions open to all under conditions of fair equality of opportunity." Evaluating the justice of a political economy from the perspective of an "advantage to all" is a little different from the perspective of "the least advantaged." The former is an easy case to make, the latter is more difficult.
Julien S (2 years ago)
Prof. Thorsby, thanks for this, I am yet to go through the entire series, and I would sure do that, but I am fascinated that you seem to move between analytic and the so called continental school, may I ask if you are placing your own work in the interstices between the two somehow?
Kess Occena (2 years ago)
More on this textbook (John Rawls) please! You're definitely helping! Thank you
Jos Nierop (2 years ago)
holaCarolina (2 years ago)
Hey! Thanks for all of this. Do you plan on covering Dworkin?
Richard Fellows (2 years ago)
Christ Church is the largest and probably richest college in Oxford, it is the sister college of Trinity College, Cambridge. Both New College and Magdalen are top colleges too.
Daniel Ferrari (2 years ago)
Professor Thorsby, I am very thankful for all the knowledge that you passed to me. I also admire your ethical purpose on sharing all these information in a democratic way. Huge thanks from Brazil!
humanity (2 years ago)
thank u very much..
Philip Rey (3 years ago)
Thank you. Supremely helpful!
barty116 (3 years ago)
Why is Christ Church the most prestigious Oxford College? New College? Magellan?
Mark Thorsby (3 years ago)
+barty116 I may be wrong about this. From what I understand Christ Church has the most competition for applicants compared to the other Colleges. In addition, a number of Oxford's most prestigious alumni went here. But, I don't want to step on anyone's toes. Take a look at the College websites to get a sense of how the different colleges at Oxford compare. Even better, contact one of the admissions officers to learn more.
Wilhelm Tham (3 years ago)
"2a" in the slide of Principle of Justice, economic inequalities should NOT be "to everyone's advantage" BUT to "the advantage of the least benefited". In other words, inequality can be justified only if it favors the poorest. This is what i have been taught about Rawls.
ken thomas (3 years ago)
The lecturer is disorganized, discursive and digressive and he rolls over his terminology in a haphazard fashion. I would recommend The Theory of Justice to get a clear idea of Rawls.
Jitendra Singh Rathore (3 years ago)
i m very Thankful to you :-) i hope now i will able to attempt the question on Rawls theory of justice :-)
Jeremy Howson (3 years ago)
Dodd-Frank was the regulation he was thinking of
Garo Matts (3 years ago)
superserial (3 years ago)
Thanks for the video. You mentioned something about a reading list? Where can I find this?
Temp2764 (4 years ago)
Wow, this fellow knows his Rawls. Superb lecture, thank you!
Lucia Riveros (4 years ago)
THIS IS GREAT, thank you. Downright nice to watch and super informative.
Fatima Vasquez (4 years ago)
Jonas K (4 years ago)
What I got from this video: philosophers do it in the original position 😃
Mamamonkey (4 years ago)
This guys vocabulary is that of the dicks
Faraaz Amzar (4 years ago)
love the video! Keep it up Mark Thorsby!
Jossie Katayama (4 years ago)
thank you!!! so informative!
Rajeev Agur (4 years ago)
This is an awesome video... Videos like this on youtube are making our learning easy and reliable. Thanks a lot for the uploader...
Taryn Nye (5 years ago)
Thanks! This is going to save my life on my plsc final..
Jemima Rivas (5 years ago)
this is great you should do a summary :)
v7Aquaman (5 years ago)
Thanks, you rock!
TrueBlue313 (5 years ago)
OMG, This Thornsby is fantastic.  Love his lectures !!!!
Barry Schoedel (5 years ago)
Thank you for doing Rawls.  My first philosophy graduate seminar was on Theory of Justice.  Good job.

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